😷New Chapter 11 Bankruptcy Filing - Trident Holding Company LLC😷

Trident Holding Company LLC

February 10, 2019

It looks like all of those 2018 predictions about healthcare-related distress were off by a year. We’re merely in mid-February and already there has been a full slate of healthcare bankruptcy filings. Here, Trident Holding Company LLC, a Maryland-based provider of bedside diagnostic and other services (i.e., x-ray, ultrasound, cardiac monitoring) filed for bankruptcy in the Southern District of New York. What’s interesting about the filing is that it is particularly light on detail: it includes the standard description of the capital structure and recent efforts to restructure, but there is a dearth of information about the history of the company and its financial performance. There is, however, a restructuring support agreement with the company’s priority first lien lenders.

Here’s a quick look at the company’s capital structure which is a large factor driving the company into bankruptcy:

Source: First Day Declaration

Source: First Day Declaration

As you can see, the company has a considerable amount of debt. The above-reflected “Priority First Lien Facility” is a fairly recent development, having been put in place as recently as April 2018. That facility, provided by Silver Point, includes a $27.1mm prepayment fee triggered upon the filing of the bankruptcy case. That’s certain to be a point of interest to an Official Committee of Unsecured Creditors. It also contributed to an onerous amount of debt service. Per the company:

In the midst of market and competitive challenges, Trident has significant debt service obligations. Over the course of 2018, Trident paid approximately $26,185,667.75 in cash interest on the Secured Credit Facilities. On January 31, 2019, the Company missed an interest payment of $9,187,477.07 on the Secured Credit Facilities, resulting in an Event of Default on February 8, 2019 after the cure period expired.

But, wait. There’s more. The recent uptick in distressed healthcare activity is beginning to aggregate and create a trickle-down bankruptcies-creating-bankruptcies effect:

Moreover, a number of recent customer bankruptcies – including those of Senior Care Centers, LLC, 4 West Holdings, Inc., and Promise Healthcare Group, LLC – have exacerbated the Company’s liquidity shortfall by limiting the collectability of amounts owed from these entities. A number of other customers who have not yet filed bankruptcy cases are generally not paying the Debtors within contractual terms due to their own liquidity problems. As a result of these collection difficulties and challenges with the new billing system in the Sparks Glencoe billing center, the Debtors recorded $27.8 million of extraordinary bad debt expense in 2018 and $12.7 million in 2017.

Ouch. Not to state the obvious, but if the start of 2019 is any indication, this is only going to get worse. The company estimates a net operating cash loss of $9.1mm in the first 30 days of the case.

Given the company’s struggles and burdensome capital structure, the company has been engaging its lenders for well over a year. In the end, however, it couldn’t work out an out-of-court resolution. Instead, the company filed its bankruptcy with a “restructuring support agreement” with Silver Point which, on account of its priority first lien holdings, is positioned well to drive this bus. And by “drive this bus,” we mean jam the junior creditors. Per the RSA, Silver Point will provide a $50mm DIP and drive the company hard towards a business plan and plan of reorganization. Indeed, the business plan is due within 36 days and a disclosure statement is due within a week thereafter. Meanwhile, the RSA as currently contemplated, gives Silver Point $105mm of take-back term loan paper and 100% of the equity of the company (subject to dilution). The first lien holders have a nice blank in the RSA next to their recovery amount and that recovery is predicated upon…wait for it…

…a “death trap.” That is, if they accept the plan they’ll currently get “ [●]%” but if they reject the plan they’ll get a big fat donut. Likewise, the second lien holders. General unsecured claimants would get a pro rata interest in a whopping $100k. Or the equivalent of what Skadden will bill in roughly, call it, 3 days of work??

The business plan, meanwhile, ought to be interesting. By all appearances, the company is in the midst of a massive strategic pivot. In addition to undertaking a barrage of operational fixes “…such as optimized pricing, measures to improve revenue cycle management by increasing collection rates, rationalizing certain services, reducing labor costs, better managing vendor spend, and reducing insurance costs,” the company intends to focus on its core business and exit unprofitable markets. While it retreats in certain respects, it also intends to expand in others: for instance, the company intends to “expand home health services to respond to the shifting of patients from [skilled nursing facilities] into home care.” Per the company:

Toward this end, Trident conducted successful home health care pilot programs in 2018 in two markets to optimize its Care at Home business model with radiology technicians dedicated to servicing home health patients. Trident hopes to expand this business model to an additional seven markets in 2019.

Like we said, a pivot. Which begs the question “why?” In addition to the debt, the company noted several other factors that drove it into bankruptcy. Chief among them? The rise of home health care. More from the company:

Trident has suffered ripple effects from the distress faced by skilled nursing facilities (“SNF”), which are its primary direct customers. SNF occupancy rates have declined to a multi-year low as a result of structural and reimbursement changes not yet offset by demographic trends. These structural changes include, among other things, patient migration to home health care. The decline in SNF occupancy rates has led to reduced demand for Trident’s services. At the same time, Trident has only had limited success reducing costs in response to lower volumes, as volume declines are driven by lower utilization per facility rather than a reduction in the number of facilities served.

This is a trend worth continued watching. Who else — like Trident — will be affected by this?

Large general unsecured creditors of the business include Grosvenor Capital Management, Jones Day (to the tune of $2.3mm…yikes), Konica Minolta Healthcare Americas Inc., McKesson ($MCK)(again!!…rough couple of weeks at McKesson), Quest Diagnostics Inc. ($DGX), Cardinal Health Inc. ($CAH) and others. They must be really jacked up about that pro rata $100k!!

  • Jurisdiction: S.D. of New York (Judge Lane)

  • Capital Structure: see above.

  • Professionals:

    • Legal: Skadden Arps Slate Meagher & Flom LLP (Paul Leake, Jason Kestecher, James Mazza Jr., Justin Winerman)

    • Independent Director: Alexander D. Greene

    • Financial Advisor: Ankura Consulting (Russell Perry, Ben Jones)

    • Investment Banker: PJT Partners LP (Mark Buschmann, Josh Abramson, Willie Evarts, Meera Satiani, Elsa Zhang)

    • Claims Agent: Epiq Bankruptcy Solutions LLC (*click on the link above for free docket access)

  • Other Professionals:

    • Priority First Lien Admin Agent: SPCP Group LLC/Silver Point Finance LLC

      • Legal: Paul Weiss Rifkind Wharton & Garrison LLP (Alan Kornberg, Robert Britton, Lewis Clayton, Aidan Synnott, Christman Rice, Michael Turkel)

      • Financial Advisor: Houlihan Lokey LP

    • First Lien Agent: Cortland Capital Market Services LLC

      • Legal: White & Case LLP (Thomas Lauria, Erin Rosenberg, Jason Zakia, Harrison Denman, John Ramirez)

    • Ad Hoc Group of First Lien Lenders

      • Legal: Kirkland & Ellis LLP (Patrick Nash)

      • Financial Advisor: Greenhill & Co. Inc.

    • Second Lien Agent: Ares Capital Corporation

    • Ad Hoc Group of Second Lien Lenders

      • Legal: Latham & Watkins (Richard Levy, James Ktsanes)

    • Large Creditor: McKesson Medical-Surgical Inc.

      • Legal: Buchalter P.C. (Jeffrey Garfinkle)

    • Large Creditor: Quest Diagnostics

      • Legal: Morris James LLP (Brett Fallon)

    • Equity Sponsor: Revelstoke Capital Partners

      • Legal: Winston & Strawn LLP (Carey Schreiber, Carrie Hardman)

    • Equity Sponsor: Welltower Inc.

      • Legal: Sidley Austin LLP (Andrew Propps, Bojan Guzina)

    • Official Committee of Unsecured Creditors

      • Legal: Kilpatrick Townsend & Stockton LLP (David Posner, Gianfranco Finizio, Kelly Moynihan)

      • Financial Advisor: AlixPartners LLP (David MacGreevey)



New Chapter 11 Bankruptcy Filing - Things Remembered Inc.

Things Remembered Inc.

2/6/19

This has been a rough week for "out-of-court" restructurings in the retail space. On the heals of Charlotte Russe's collapse into bankruptcy after an attempted out-of-court solution, Things Remembered Inc. filed for bankruptcy in the District of Delaware on February 6, 2019. We recently wrote about Things Remembered here. Let's dig in a bit more. 

The 53-year old retailer filed with a stalking horse purchaser, Ensco Properties LLC, in line to purchase, subject to a tight 30-day timeframe, a subset of the company's store footprint and direct-sales business. The company writes in the most Trumpian-fashion imaginable:

"Although stores not acquired will need to close, the going-concern sale wills save hundreds of jobs and potentially many more and provide an improved, and significantly less risky, recovery to stakeholders." What does "potentially many more" mean? Don't they know how many people are employed at the locations being sold as well as corporate support? Seems like a Trumpian ad lib of corresponding inexactitude. But, whatever. 

What caused the need for bankruptcy?

"Like many other retailers, the Company has suffered from adverse macro-trends, as well as certain microeconomic operational challenges. Faced with these challenges, the Company initiated multiple go-forward operational initiatives to increase brick-and-mortar profitability, such as store modernization through elimination of paper forms and the addition of iPads to streamline the personalization and sale process, and by shuttering a number of underperforming locations. The Company also sought to bolster the Debtors’ online-direct sale business, including aggressive marketing to loyal customers to facilitate sales through online channels, attracting new customers via an expanded partnership with Amazon, and increasing service capabilities for the business-to-business customer segment."

Read that paragraph and then tell us that retail management teams (and their expensive advisors) have any real clue how to combat the ails confronting retail. Elimination of paper forms? Ipads? Seriously? Sure, the rest sounds sensible and comes right out of today's standard retail playbook, i.e., shutter stores, bolster online capabilities, leverage Amazon's distribution, tapping into "loyal customers," etc. We're surprised they didn't mention AR/VR, Blockchain, "experiential retail," pop-ups, advertising on scooters, loyalty programs, and all of the other trite retail-isms we've heard ad nauseum (despite no one actually proving whether any or all of those things actually drive revenue). 

The rest of the story is crazy familiar by this point. The "challenging operating environment" confronting brick-and-mortar and mall-based retail, specifically, led to missed sales targets and depressed profitability. Naturally there were operational issues that compounded matters and, attention Lenore Estrada (INSERT LINK), "…vendors have begun to place pressure on the supply chain cost structure by delaying or cancelling shipments until receiving payment." Insert cash on delivery terms here. Because that's what they should do when a customer is mid-flush. 

Anyway, shocker: negative cash flows persisted. Consequently, the company and its professionals commenced a marketing process that landed Enesco as stalking horse bidder. Enesco has committed to acquiring the direct-sales business (which constitutes 26% of all sales in 2018 and includes the e-commerce website, hq, fulfillment and distribution center in Ohio and related assets) and approximately 128 stores (subject to addition or subtraction, but a floor set at 50 store minimum). Store closings of approximately 220 stores and 30 kiosks commenced pre-petition. A joint venture between Hilco Merchant Resources LLC and Gordon Brothers Retail Partners LLC is leading that effort (which again begs the question as to how Gymboree is the only recent retailer that required the services of four "liquidators"). The purchase price is $17.5mm (subject to post-closing adjustments). $17.5mm is hardly memorable. That said, the company did have negative $4mm EBITDA so, uh, yeeeeeaaaaah. 

$18.7mm '19 revolving credit facility (Cortland Capital Markets Services LLC); $124.9mm 12% '20 TL. 

The capital structure represents the result of an August 30, 2016 out-of-court exchange that, let's be honest here, didn't do much other than incrementally lessen the debt burden, kick the can down the road and get some professionals paid. If this sounds familiar, it's because it's not all that different than Charlotte Russe in those respects. 

  • Jurisdiction: D. of Delaware (Judge Gross)

  • Capital Structure: $mm debt     

  • Company Professionals:

    • Legal: Kirkland & Ellis LLP (Christopher Greco, Derek Hunger, Angela Snell, Spencer Winters, Catherine Jun, Scott Vail, Mark McKane) & (local) Landis Rath & Cobb LLP (Adam Landis, Matthew McGuire, Kimberly Brown, Matthew Pierce)

    • Legal (Canada): Davies Ward Phillips & Vineberg LLP

    • Financial Advisor/CRO: Berkeley Research Group LLC (Robert Duffy, Brett Witherell)

    • Investment Bank: Stifel Nicolaus & Co. Inc. and Miller Buckfire & Co. LLC (James Doak)

    • Liquidators: Hilco Merchant Resources LLC and Gordon Brothers Retail Partners LLC

      • Legal: Pepper Hamilton LLP (Douglas Herman, Marcy McLaughlin)

    • Claims Agent: Prime Clerk LLC (*click on company name above for free docket access)

  • Other Parties in Interest:

    • Stalking Horse Purchaser: Enesco Properties LLC  (Balmoral Funds LLC)

      • Legal: Pachulski Stang Ziehl & Jones LLP (Jeffrey Pomerantz, Maxim Litvak, Joseph Mulvihill)

    • Lender: Cortland Capital Market Services LLC

      • Legal: Weil Gotshal & Manges LLP (David Griffiths, Lisa Lansio) & (local) Richards Layton & Finger PA (Daniel DeFranceschi, Zachary Shapiro)

    • Sponsor: KKR & Co.

    • Official Committee of Unsecured Creditors (Jewelry Concepts Inc., Gravotech Inc., Chu Kwun Kee Metal Manufactory, Brookfield Property REIT, Inc., Simon Property Group LP)

      • Legal: Kelley Drye & Warren LLP (Eric Wilson, Jason Adams, Kristin Elliott, Lauren Schlussel) & (local) Connolly Gallagher (N. Christopher Griffiths, Shaun Michael Kelly)

      • Financial Advisor: Province Inc. (Carol Cabello, Sanjuro Kietlinski, Jorge Gonzalez, Michael Martini)

New Chapter 11 Filing - EBH Topco LLC (a/k/a Element Behavioral Health Inc.)

EBH Topco LLC (a/k/a Element Behavioral Health Inc.)

5/23/18 

Behavioral health services and residential drug and alcohol addition treatment provider in 13 treatment centers across 8 states filed for bankruptcy. If that sounds boring: it's because it is. Which would explain why the Wall Street Journal felt compelled to drop in that its also the facility that treated Britney Spears and Lindsay Lohan. SEO just shot through the roof. Anyway, the company stated,

While the Company has had ongoing financial difficulties, the overall census of the facilities and revenue has declined since 2017. The decline in out-of-network admissions, lower reimbursement rates by insurance providers and the decline in the average length of stay were all contributing factors to the financial losses of the Company. While the Company attempted to increase census through ongoing marketing efforts of its in-house sales team and internet advertising, the increased cost of these efforts did not result in the increase in revenue to improve the financial results of the Company and offset the Company’s cash burn. Financial performance for the fiscal year 2017 was $103.7 million in revenue, $129.6 million in expenses, and EBITDA of $(25.9) million with a total net income/(loss) of $(51.2) million.

Given that the company started in 2008 and then pursued an acquisition-based growth strategy, it seems like they didn't underwrite to current conditions. Ouch. 

Just a few weeks ago, Project Build Behavioral Health, LLC purchased the first lien paper and after an initial buyer of the assets fell through, agreed to be the company' stalking horse bidder in bankruptcy subject to an expedited sale process (the sale hearing is slated for late June); it intends to credit bid its debt. The company has a proposed $14.2 million DIP credit facility lined up to fund the cases. 

  • Jurisdiction: D. of Delaware (Judge Shannon)
  • Capital Structure: $76mm '19 first lien term loan and revolver debt (Madison Capital Funding LLC), $29mm '20 second lien term loan (Cortland Capital Market Services LLC)
  • Company Professionals:
    • Legal: Polsinelli PC (Christopher Ward, Shani Katona, Stephen Astringer, Jeremy Johnson)
    • CRO/Financial Advisor: Alvarez & Marsal LLC (Martin McGahan)
    • Investment Banker: Houlihan Lokey Capital Inc.
    • Claims Agent: Donlin Recano & Company Inc. (*click on company name above for free docket access)
  • Other Parties in Interest:
    • DIP Lender/Stalking Horse Bidder: Project Build Behavioral Health, LLC
      • Legal: McDonald Hopkins LLC (David Agay, Scott Opincar, Michael Kaczka) & (local) Morris Nichols Arsht & Tunnell LLP (Derek Abbott)
    • Ad Hoc Group of Second Lien Lenders
      • Legal: Morrison & Foerster LLP (Jonathan Levine, Daniel Harris)
    • Equity sponsors: NEA, Frazier Healthcare Ventures, Formation Capital

New Chapter 11 Filing - Arecont Vision Holdings LLC

Arecont Vision Holdings LLC

5/14/18

Arecont Vision Holdings LLC, a California-based manufacturer of high-performance IP cameras and video surveillance solutions, has filed for bankruptcy to effectuate a sale to an affiliate of Turnspire Capital Partners. 

The company sells its products to a variety of industries including data centers, government, retail, financial, sports, and healthcare. End user customers include big names like Wells Fargo, Apple, Google, Facebook, Microsoft and others. In addition to holding several patents, the company counts a litigation claim against a once-secured-but-ultimately-failed-buyer, NetPosa, in the amount of $50 million among its assets. NetPosa signed a share purchase agreement in early 2017 for the purchase of Arecont for $170 million but the deal fell through while awaiting regulatory review. Apropos to the current international trade environment, NetPosa is a publicly-traded Chinese company. 

Speaking of China, the company notes, "The Debtors' performance has been negatively impacted by increased competition from Chinese manufacturers who are able to produce and sell products at lower price points." This combined with other factors, stemmed the company's previously demonstrated compound double-digit growth from 2007 through 2016; it then experienced a dramatic EBITDA decline in 2017 from $72.7 million to $41.7 million. 

To address this decline, the company engaged in a number of cost-reduction initiatives including shedding employees and outsourcing component and subassembly work to Asia from the US. Contemporaneously, Imperial Capital initiated a sale process. Enter Turnspire Capital. 

  • Jurisdiction: D. of Delaware (Judge Sontchi)
  • Capital Structure: $73.2mm secured debt (AIG)    
  • Company Professionals:
    • Legal: Pachulski Stang Ziehl & Jones LLP (Ira Kharasch, Joshua Fried, Maxim Litvak, James O'Neill)
    • CRO/Financial Advisor: Armory Group LLC (Scott Avila, Allen Soong)
    • Investment Banker: Imperial Capital LLC 
    • Claims Agent: Omni Management LLC (*click on company name above for free docket access)
  • Other Parties in Interest:
    • Stalking Horse Buyer: Turnspire Capiral LLC
    • DIP Agent: Cortland Capital Market Services LLC
    • ($4mm) DIP Lenders: American General Life Insurance Company, American Home Assurance Company, The United States Life Insurance Company in the City of New York, The Variable Annuity Life Insurance Company, American Home Assurance Company and United Guaranty Residential Insurance Company

New Chapter 11 Filing - Gibson Brands Inc.

Gibson Brands Inc.

5/1/18

After months of speculation (which we have covered here and elsewhere), the famed Nashville-based guitar manufacturer has finally filed for Chapter 11. We're old enough to remember this:

Late Tuesday, GIbson Brands CEO Henry Juszkiewicz denied all of the reports and indicated via press release that a plan was underway to salvage the brand.

What Mr. Juszkiewicz didn't say was that "a plan" actually meant a "plan of reorganization." Which is okay: nobody believed him anyway. 

And here's why: in the company's First Day Declaration, the company proudly boasts,

The Debtors' strength, rooted in their iconic Gibson, Epiphone, KRK, and other brands that have shaped the music industry for over 100 years, have been the brands of choice for countless musicians and recording artists, including some of the most legendary guitarists in history such as Muddy Waters, BB King, Elvis Presley, Pete Townsend, Keith Richards, Duane Allman, Elvis Costello, Lenny Kravitz, Slash, Dave Grohl, Joe Bonamassa, and Brad Paisley, among others. 

Anyone else see an issue with this lineup? Legends, sure, but not exactly a group of artists you see listed on Coachella posters. Even in a publicly-available document, this company doesn't know how to market itself to the masses. Case and point, after Guitar Center got its out-of-court deal done last week, we wrote the following:

Gibson may want to embrace the present. But we digress. 

Unbeknownst to many, however, Gibson is more than just its legendary guitars. No doubt, guitars are a big part of its business. According to the company's First Day Declaration (which, for the record, is one of the more jumbled incoherent narratives we've seen in a First Day Declaration in some time), 

Gibson has the top market share in premium electric guitars, selling over 170,000 guitars annually in over eighty (80) countries worldwide and selling over 40% of all electric guitars priced above $2,000.

But the company also expanded to include a "Professional Audio" segment, its musical instrument and pro-audio segment ("MI," which is positive cash flow), and a "Gibson Innovations" business ("GI"), which stems from a 2014 leveraged transaction. The latter business has been a drag on the overall enterprise ever since the transaction eventually leading to breaches of certain financial covenants under the company's senior secured bank debt financing agreements. The company was forced to pay down the debt to the tune of $60 million since the Fall of 2017, a cash drain which severely accentuated liquidity issues within that business. It came to this brutal reality: 

...the GI Business became trapped in a vicious cycle in which it lacked the liquidity to buy inventory and drive sales while at the same time it lacked the liquidity to rationalize its workforce to match its diminished operations.

That's rough. Even rougher is that on April 30, 2018, the GI business initiated formal liquidation proceedings under the laws of at least 8 different countries. Looks like Mr. Juszkiewicz' previous expansion "plan" was an utter disaster. 

⚡️Warning: Geeky stuff to follow ⚡️:

Now, the company is left with restructuring around the EBITDA- positive MI business with the hope of maximizing recovery for stakeholders. The holders of 69% of the principal amount of notes (PETITION NOTE: for the uninitiated, this satisfies the 2/3 in amount requirement of the bankruptcy code; unknown whether they satisfy the second prong of 1/2 in number) have entered into a Restructuring Support Agreement which would effectively equitize the notes and transfer ownership of MI to the noteholders. The company has also entered into a $135 DIP credit facility backstopped by an ad hoc group of noteholders to finance the company's trip through bankruptcy (the mechanic of which effectively rolls up some of the prepetition debt into the postpetition facility, giving the noteholders higher distribution priority). 

The RSA envisions a transaction whereby the company will exit bankruptcy with an untapped asset-backed lending facility and enough exit financing to pay off the DIP facility. So, the noteholders will collect some nice fees for about 9 months. The lenders under the DIP facility will have the option to cover the DIP monies into equity in the reorganized company at a 20% discount to the plan's valuation. 

⚡️Geeky Stuff Over. Now Back to Regularly Scheduled Snark ⚡️:

Naturally, current management has somehow convinced the new owners, i.e., the funds converting their notes into equity, that they're so invaluable that they should receive millions in "transition"-based compensation and warrants for upside preservation. Makes total sense. David Berryman, who runs Epiphone, will get a one year employment agreement paying $3.35 million, 5 year-warrants, and health benefits; Mr. Juszciewicz will get a one year "consulting agreement" paying $2.1 million, 5 year-warrants and health benefits (plus other profit-sharing incentives). It sure pays to run a company into bankruptcy these days. Naturally, they'll also get releases from any liability. Because, you know, bankruptcy!!

One final note: Thomas Lauria and White & Case LLP are listed as the 22nd highest creditor. Popping popcorn. 

  • Jurisdiction: D. of Delaware 
  • Capital Structure: $17.5 million ABL (Bank of America NA)/ $77.4 million Term Loan (GSO Capital Solutions Fund II AIV-I LP), $375 million '18 8.875% senior secured notes (Wilmington Trust NA), $60 million ITLA loan (GI Business only)
  • Company Professionals:
    • Legal: Goodwin Proctor LLP (Michael H. Goldstein, Gregory W. Fox, Barry Z. Bazian) & (local) Pepper Hamilton LLP (David Stratton, David Fournier, Michael Custer, Marcy McLaughlin)
    • Financial Advisor/CRO: Alvarez & Marsal North America LLC (Brian Fox) 
    • Investment Banker: Jefferies LLC (Jeffrey Finger)
    • Independent Directors: Alan Carr & Sol Picciotto
    • Claims Agent: Prime Clerk LLC (*click on company name above for free docket access)
  • Other Parties in Interest:
    • DIP Agent: Cortland Capital Market Services LLC
      • Legal: Arnold & Porter Kaye Scholer (D. Tyler Nurnberg, Steven Fruchter, Sarah Gryll) & (local) Young Conaway (same four names as below)
    • Prepetition ABL Agent: Bank of America NA
      • Legal: Winston & Strawn LLP (Jason Bennett, Christina Wheaton)
    • Indenture Trustee: Wilmington Trust NA
      • Legal: Shipman & Goodwin LLP (Marie Hofsdal, Patrick Sibley, Seth Lieberman, Eric Monzo)
    • Ad Hoc Group of Noteholders
      • Legal: Paul Weiss Rifkind Wharton & Garrison LLP (Brian Hermann, Robert Britton, Adam Denhoff, Kellie Cairns) & (local) Young Conaway Stargatt & Taylor LLP (Pauline Morgan, Sean Greecher, Andrew Magaziner, Betsy Feldman)
    • Ad Hoc Minority Noteholders Committee (Lord Abbett & Co. LLC, Wilks Brothers LLC)
      • Legal: Brown Rudnick LLP (Robert Stark, Steven Levine, Brian Rice) & (local) Ashby & Geddes PA (William Bowden)
    • Equity Holder: GSO Capital Partners LP
      • Legal: White & Case LLP (J. Christopher Shore, Andrew Zatz, Richard Kebrdle) & (local) Fox Rothschild LLP (Jeffrey Schlerf, Carl Neff, Margaret Manning)

Updated 5/2 5:12 pm CT

New Chapter 11 Filing - Tops Holding II Corporation

Tops Holding II Corporation

  • 2/21/18 Recap: When a company's "Overview" in its First Day Declaration basically leads with union metrics (12,300 unionized employees of 14,000 total employees) and collective bargaining agreement numbers (12 of them), you know there's gonna be a war with employees. The fact that the footprint is 169 stores-wide in three states almost seems like a footnote. As does the fact that the business started in the 1920s and seemingly thrived through 2007 when, naturally, private equity got involved and went on a debt-ridden acquisition spree. But hang on: we're getting ahead of our skis here. So, what happened here? Well, clearly, the company has to negotiate with its unions; it also seeks to deleverage its ballooning balance sheet and take care of some leases and supply agreements. The company has secured $265mm in DIP financing to fund the cases; it says that it "intend[s] to remain in chapter 11 for approximately six (6) months." We'll believe it when we see it. Anyway, WHY does it need to take all of these steps? Well, as we stated before: private equity, of course. "Despite the significant headwinds facing the grocery industry, over the past five years, the Company has experienced solid financial performance and has sustained stable market share. The vast majority of the Company’s supermarkets generate positive EBITDA and the Company generates strong operating cash flows. Transactions undertaken by previous private equity ownership, however, saddled the Company with an unsustainable amount of debt on its balance sheet. Specifically, the Company currently has approximately $715 million of prepetition funded indebtedness...." Ah, private equity = a better villain than even Amazon (though Amazon gets saddled with blame here too, for the record). But wait: don't forget about the pensions! "[T]he Company has been embroiled in a protracted and costly arbitration with the Teamsters Pension Fund concerning a withdrawal liability of in excess of $180 million allegedly arising from the Company’s acquisition of Debtor Erie Logistics LLC" from its biggest food supplier, C&S Wholesale Grocers Inc., the 10th largest private company in the US. Moreover, the company has been making monthly pension payments; nevertheless, the pension is underfunded by approximately $393mm. The company continues, "Utilizing the tools available to it under the Bankruptcy Code, the Company will endeavor to resolve all issues relating to the Teamsters Arbitration and address its pension obligations, and the Company will take reasonable steps to do so on a consensual basis." Oy. What a hot mess. We can't even read that without ominous music seemingly popping up out of nowhere. More to come.

  • Jurisdiction: S.D. of New York

  • Capital Structure: $112mm RCF (inclusive of a $10mm FILO and $34mm LCs, Bank of America NA), $560mm 8% '22 senior secured notes, $67.5mm 9% '21 opco unsecured notes, $8.6mm 8.75%/9.5% '18 holdco unsecured notes

  • Company Professionals:

    • Legal: Weil Gotshal & Manges LLP (Ray Schrock, Stephen Karotkin, Sunny Singh)

    • Financial Advisor/CRO: FTI Consulting Inc. (Michael Buenzow, Armen Emrikian, Paul Griffith, Ronnie Bedway, Andy Kopfensteiner)

    • Investment Banker: Evercore (David Ying, Stephen Goldstein, Jeremy Matican, Elliot Ross, Jonathan Kartus, Andrew Kilbourne)

    • Real Estate Advisor: Hilco Real Estate LLC

    • Claims Agent: Epiq Bankruptcy Solutions LLC (*click on company name above for free docket access)

  • Other Parties in Interest:

    • Prepetition ABL Agent & DIP ABL Agent: Bank of America NA

      • Legal Counsel: Morgan Lewis & Bockius LLP (Julia Frost-Davies, Amelia Joiner, Matthew Ziegler)

    • Indenture Trustee for Senior Notes due 2018, notes due 2021 and Senior Secured Notes: U.S. Bank NA

      • Legal: Thompson Hine LLP (Irving Apar, Elizabeth Frayer, Derek Wright)

    • Ad Hoc Noteholder Group & DIP TL Lenders (Column Park Asset Management LP, Fidelity Management & Research Company, HG Vora Capital Management LLC, Signature Global Asset Management, Silver Point Capital LP)

      • Legal: Paul Weiss Rifkind Wharton & Garrison LLP (Alan Kornberg, Diane Meyers, Lauren Shumejda)

      • Financial Advisor: Lazard Freres & Co. LLC

    • DIP TL Agent: Cortland Capital Markets Services LLC

      • Legal: Arnold & Porter Kaye Scholer LLP (Tyler Nurnberg, Alan Glantz)

    • Southpaw Asset Management LP

      • Legal: Cooley LLP (Jeffrey Cohen, Steven Siesser, Sheila Sadighi, Andrew Behlmann)

    • Official Committee of Unsecured Creditors (PepsiCo, Inc., Valassis Direct Mail, Inc., Osterweis Strategic Income Fund, U.S. Bank N.A., the UFCW Local One Pension Fund, the Teamsters Local 264, and Benderson Development Company, LLC)

      • Legal: Morrison & Foerster LLP (Brett Miller, Dennis Jenkins, Jonathan Levine, Erica Richards)

      • Financial Advisor: Zolfo Cooper LLC

New Chapter 11 Filing - Ascent Resources Marcellus Holdings, LLC

Ascent Resources Marcellus Holdings, LLC

  • 2/6/18 Recap: Oklahoman producer of oil and natural gas in the Marcellus Shale basis filed for bankruptcy to effectuate a prepackaged bankruptcy in agreement with its major creditors. We've seen this movie before. Business is capital intensive...yada yada yada...natural gas prices rolled over...yada yada yada...production volume dropped...yada yada yada...over-levered balance sheet....zzzzz. Basically, you know the drill. The prepackaged plan envisions the term lenders equitizing their debt so that the company can be leaner and meaner; it also leaves open the option for a sale, but no such sale was suitable prior to filing. 
  • Jurisdiction: D. of Delaware
  • Capital Structure: $750mm first lien credit facility (Cortland Capital Market Services LLC), $450mm second lien secured term loan facility (Cortland)  
  • Company Professionals:
    • Legal: Sullivan & Cromwell LLP (Andrew G. Dietderich, Brian D. Glueckstein, Alexa J. Kranzley) & (local) Young Conaway Stargatt & Taylor LLP (Pauline K. Morgan, Joel A. Waite, Kara Hammond Coyle)
    • Financial Advisor: D.R. Payne & Associates, Inc.
    • Investment Banker: PJT Partners (Steven Zelin)
    • Claims Agent: Prime Clerk LLC (*click on company name above for free docket access)
    • Independent Co-Manager: Alan Carr
  • Other Parties in Interest:
    • First Lien Credit Agent: Cortland Capital Market Services LLC
      • Legal: Davis Polk & Wardwell LLP
      • Financial Advisor: Moelis & Co. 
    • Second Lien Credit Agent: Cortland Capital Market Services LLC
  • Members of the New Board: Jeffrey A. Fisher, Jeffrey A. Ball, Steven J. Pully, Eugene I. Davis, Barry McMahan

Updated: Effective 3/30/18 (no UCC)

New Chapter 11 Filing - Angelica Corporation

Angelica Corporation

  • 4/3/17 Recap: Thanks Obama! Alpharetta Georgia based provider of linens to the healthcare industry filed for bankruptcy to effectuate a sale to KKR Credit Advisors (US) LLC for $125mm (including a $17.4mm credit bid) - exclusive of liabilities emanating out of certain collective bargaining agreements because, well, why should anyone care about low-earning laundry employees, right? Not when you've got slicked back hair and a sick new Hamptons house to party in this Summer, right, bro? The company pointedly cites ObamaCare as a major source of pricing pressure as healthcare providers "became ever more cost-conscious to mitigate lower expected reimbursements from insurance companies." Reacting to the legislation, private customers joined forces via Group Purchasing Organizations, using strength in numbers as leverage to drive discounts with companies like Angelica. This, coupled with hospital consolidation - also apparently resultant from ObamaCare - led the company to suffer from significant revenue declines. The company has secured a $65mm DIP from certain ABL lenders to fund the bankruptcy case.
  • Jurisdiction: S.D. of New York
  • Capital Structure: $50.5mm ABL (funded, Wells Fargo Capital Finance LLC) & $85mm TL debt (Cortland Capital Market Services LLC)    
  • Company Professionals:
    • Legal: Weil (Matthew Barr, Jill Frizzley, Kevin Bostel, Joshua Apfel, Prashant Rai, Matthew Skrzynski)
    • Financial Advisor: Alvarez & Marsal LLC (John Makuch, Joel Rogers, Paul Kinealy, Bryan Fleming)
    • Investment Banker: Houlihan Lokey Capital Inc. (Bradley Jordan)
    • Claims Agent: Prime Clerk LLC (*click on company name for docket)
  • Other Parties in Interest:
    • ABL Agent: Wells Fargo Capital Finance LLC
      • Legal: Greenberg Traurig LLP (David Kurzweil, Nathan Haynes, John Dyer, Michael Leveille)
    • TL Agent: Cortland Capital Market Services LLC
      • Legal: Holland & Knight LLP (Joshua Spencer, Renee Lewis, Barbra Parlin)
    • Stalking Horse Bidder: KKR Credit Advisors (US) LLC
      • Legal: Paul Weiss Rifkind Wharton & Garrison LLP (Brian Hermann, Lauren Shumejda)
    • Largest Secured Creditors: KKR Asset Management LLC, Wells Fargo Capital Finance LLC, GACP Finance Co., LLC, Regions Bank
    • Official Committee of Unsecured Creditors
      • Legal: Cole Schotz PC (Michael Sirota, Daniel Geoghan, Ryan Jareck, Warren Usitine, Mark Tsukerman, Jacob Frumkin, Rebecca Hollander)
      • Financial Advisor: FTI Consulting Inc. (Conor Tully, Marshall Eisler, Sean Eimer, Harrison West, Marili Hellmund-Mora)

Updated 5/31/17

New Chapter 11 & CCAA Filing - SquareTwo Financial Services Corporation

SquareTwo Financial Services Corporation

  • 3/19/17 Recap: Colorado-based privately held acquirer, manager, and collector of charged-off U.S. and Canadian consumer and commercial accounts-receivable filed a prepackaged plan of reorganization seeking to split the company into an acquired-co and "wind down co", with Resurgent Holdings LLC putting in approximately $264mm of new money in exchange for 100% equity in the acquired co. This is on the heels of a prior recapitalization that provided for the exchange of second lien notes for a 1.5 Lien Term Loan & preferred stock (enter Apollo and KKR here). Under the proposed plan of reorganization, the lenders holding claims under the first lien credit facilities will get paid in full; the holders of claims under the 1.5 Lien Term Loan will get a pro rata share of remaining cash; Resurgent will own the remaining business (with the rest liquidated); and the remaining creditors - including the second lien holdouts and the Pennsylvania Public School Employees' Retirement System (?!?!) - will get a big fat donut. Because who gives a sh*t about public school teachers anyway: what have they ever done for folks who work at Apollo and KKR?
  • Jurisdiction: S.D. of New York
  • Capital Structure: $60mm first lien RCF ($41mm out) & $105mm first lien Term Loan (Cerberus Business Finance LLC), $15mm 1.25 Lien Term Loan (plus $1.3mm interest) & $176.1 mm 1.5 Lien Term Loan (plus $15.4mm interest) (Cortland Capital Market Services LLC), $1.9 mm second lien notes (unexchanged in prior recapitalization)(U.S. Bank National Association)    
  • Company Professionals:
    • Legal: Willkie Farr & Gallagher LLP (Matthew Feldman, Paul Shalhoub, Robin Spigel, Debra McElligott, Gabriel Brunswick) & (Canadian counsel) Thornton Grout Finnigan LLP (D.J. Miller, Leanne Williams, Asim Iqbal, Mitch Grossell)
    • Financial Advisor: AlixPartners LLC (Mark Thorson)
    • Investment Banker(s): Keefe Bruyette & Woods Inc. & Miller Buckfire & Co. (John McKenna)
    • Claims Agent: Prime Clerk LLC (*click on company name for docket)
  • Other Parties in Interest:
    • Prepetition Agent & DIP Agent: Cerberus Business Finance LLC
      • Legal: Schulte Roth & Zabel LLP (Frederic Ragucci, Adam Harris)
    • Ad Hoc Group of 1.25 lien and 1.5 lien Lenders (Apollo Capital Management LP, KKR Credit Advisors LLC)
      • Legal: Paul Weiss Rifkind Wharton & Garrison LLP (Alan Kornberg, Elizabeth McColm, Michael Turkel)
    • Prepetition 1.25 Lien and 1.5 Lien Agent: Cortland Capital Market Services LLC
      • Legal: Holland & Knight LLP (Barbra Parlin, Joshua Spencer)
    • U.S. Bank National Association
      • Legal: Dorsey & Whitney LLP (Eric Lopez Schnabel, Alessandra Glorioso) & (local) Maslon LLP (Clark T. Whitmore)
    • Preferred Stock Holders: Apollo Investment Corporation & KKR Financial CLO 2007-1 Ltd.
    • Majority Common Stock Holders: Norwest Mezzanine Partners II LP & Pennsylvania Public School Employees' Retirement System
    • New Money Investor: Resurgent Holdings LLC
      • Legal: Foley & Lardner LLP (Patricia Lane, Michael Small, Benjamin Rikkers, Jack Haake)
    • Official Committee of Unsecured Creditors
      • Legal: Arent Fox LLP (Robert Hirsh, George Angelich, Jordana Renert)
      • Financial Advisor: Gavin/Solmonese LLC (Ted Gavin)

Updated 5/31/17