😷New Chapter 11 Bankruptcy Filing - Aegerion Pharmaceuticals Inc.😷

Aegerion Pharmaceuticals Inc.

May 20, 2019

We were right and we were wrong. Back in November 2018, in “😬Biopharma is in Pain😬 ,” we snidely wrote, “Do Pills Count as ‘Healthcare’? Short Biopharma” riffing on the common trope that healthcare was a hot spot for restructuring activity.* No, we argued: the activity is really in publicly-traded biopharma companies with little to no sales, too much debt (and usually busted convertible notes) and attractive intellectual property. We went on to predict that Synergy Pharmaceuticals Inc. ($SGYP) and Aegerion Pharmaceuticals Inc. (a subsidiary of Novelion Therapeutics Inc. ($NVLN)) would both file for bankruptcy. Ding ding!!! We were right.** The former filed back in December and, now, the latter is also in bankruptcy court. Of course, with respect to the latter, we also wrote, “[c]ome February — if not sooner — it may be in bankruptcy court.” But let’s not split hairs.***

The company manufactures two approved therapies, JUXTAPID and MYALEPT, that treat rare diseases. On Sunday, we’ll discuss the future of these therapies and what the company seeks to achieve with this restructuring.

*To be fair, the healthcare space has, indeed, picked up in activity since then.

**For what it’s worth, we also predicted that Orchids Paper Products Company ($TIS) would be in bankruptcy soon, writing “This company doesn’t produce enough toilet paper to wipe away this sh*tfest. See you in bankruptcy court.” Three for three: this is precisely why — wait for the shameless plug — you should become a PETITION Member today.

***Maturity of the bridge loan was initially February 15, 2019 but the debtors had a right to extend, which they did.

  • Jurisdiction: Southern District of New York (Judge )

  • Capital Structure: $36.1mm 8% PIK ‘19 secured Novelion Intercompany Loan, $73.8mm Bridge Loan (Highbridge Capital Management LLC and Athyrium Capital Management LP), $304mm 2% unsecured convertible notes (The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company NA)

  • Professionals:

    • Legal: Willkie Farr & Gallagher LLP (Paul Shalhoub, Andrew Mordkoff)

    • Financial Advisor/CRO: AlixPartners LLP (John Castellano)

    • Investment Banker: Moelis & Co. (Barak Klein)

    • Claims Agent: Prime Clerk LLC (*click on the link above for free docket access)

  • Other Parties in Interest:

    • DIP Agent: Cantor Fitzgerald Securities

    • Ad Hoc Group of Convertible Noteholders

      • Legal: Latham & Watkins LLP & King & Spalding LLP

      • Financial Advisor: Ducera Partners LLC

    • Novelion

      • Legal: Goodwin Proctor LLP & Norton Rose Fulbright Canada LLP

      • Financial Advisor: Evercore

⛽️New Chapter 11 Filing - Southcross Energy Partners LP⛽️

Southcross Energy Partners LP

April 1, 2019

We’ve been noting — in “⛽️Is Oil & Gas Distress Back?⛽️“ (March 6) and “Oil and Gas Continues to Crack (Long Houston-Based Hotels)“ (March 24) that oil and gas was about to rear its ugly head right back into bankruptcy court. Almost on cue, Vanguard Natural Resources Inc. filed for bankruptcy in Texas on the last day of Q1 and, here, Southcross Energy Partners LP kicked off Q2.

Dallas-based Southcross Energy Partners LP is a publicly-traded company ($SXEE) that provides midstream services to nat gas producers/customers, including nat gas gathering, processing, treatment and compression and access to natural gas liquid (“NGL”) fractionation and transportation services; it also purchases and sells nat gas and NGL; its primary assets and operations are located in the Eagle Ford shale region of South Texas, though it also operates in Mississippi (sourcing power plants via its pipelines) and Alabama. It and its debtor affiliates generated $154.8mm in revenues in the three months ended 09/30/18, an 11% YOY decrease.

Why are the debtors in bankruptcy? Because natural gas prices collapsed in 2015 and have yet to really meaningfully recover — though they are up from the $1.49 low of March 4, 2016. As we write this, nat gas prices at $2.70. These prices, combined with too much leverage (particularly in comparison to competitors that flushed their debt through bankruptcy) and facility shutdowns, created strong headwinds the company simply couldn’t surmount. It now seeks to use the bankruptcy process to gain access to much needed capital and sell to a buyer to maximize value. The company does not appear to have a stalking horse bidder lined up.

The debtors have a commitment for $137.5mm of new-money post-petition financing to fund its cases. Use of proceeds? With the agreement of its secured parties, the debtors seek to pay all trade creditors in the ordinary course of business. If approved by the court, this would mean that the debtors will likely avoid having to contend with an official committee of unsecured creditors and that only the secured creditors and holders of unsecured sponsor notes would have lingering pre-petition claims — a strong power move by the debtors.

  • Jurisdiction: D. of Delaware (Judge Walrath)

  • Capital Structure: $81.1mm funded ‘19 RCF (Wells Fargo Bank NA), $430.875mm ‘21 TL (Wilmington Trust NA), $17.4mm unsecured sponsor notes (Wells Fargo NA)

  • Professionals:

    • Legal: Davis Polk & Wardwell LLP (Marshall Heubner, Darren Klein, Steven Szanzer, Benjamin Schak) & (local) Morris Nichols Arsht & Tunnell LLP (Robert Dehney, Andrew Remming, Joseph Barsalona II, Eric Moats)

    • Financial Advisor: Alvarez & Marsal LLC

    • Investment Banker: Evercore Group LLC

    • Claims Agent: KCC (*click on the link above for free docket access)

  • Other Parties in Interest:

    • Prepetition RCF & Unsecured Agent: Wells Fargo Bank NA

      • Legal: Vinson & Elkins LLP (William Wallander, Brad Foxman, Matt Pyeatt) & (local) Womble Bond Dickinson US LLP (Ericka Johnson)

    • Prepetition TL & DIP Agent ($255mm): Wilmington Trust NA

      • Legal: Arnold & Porter Kaye Scholer LLP (Seth Kleinman, Alan Glantz)

    • Post-Petition Lenders and Ad Hoc Group

      • Legal: Willkie Farr & Gallagher LLP (Joseph Minias, Paul Shalhoub, Leonard Klingbaum, Debra McElligott) & (local) Young Conaway Stargatt & Taylor LLP (Edmon Morton, Matthew Lunn)

    • Southcross Holdings LP

      • Legal: Debevoise & Plimpton LLP (Natasha Labovitz)

    • Stalking Horse Bidder:

Updated 9:39 CT

New Chapter 11 Bankruptcy Filing - Specialty Retail Shops Holding Corp. (Shopko)

Specialty Retail Shops Holding Corp. (Shopko)

January 16, 2019

Sun Capital Partners’-owned, Wisconsin-based, Specialty Retail Shops Holding Corp. (“Shopko”) filed for bankruptcy on January 16, 2019 in the District of Nebraska. Yes, the District of Nebraska. Practitioners in Delaware must really be smarting over that one. That said, this is not the first retail chapter 11 bankruptcy case shepherded by Kirkland & Ellis LLP in Nebraska (see, Gordman’s Stores circa 2017). K&E must love the native Kool-Aid. Others, however, aren’t such big fans: the company’s largest unsecured creditor, McKesson Corporation ($MCK), for instance. McKesson is a supplier of the company’s pharmacies and is a large player in the healthcare business, damn it; they spit on Kool-Aid; and they have already filed a motion seeking a change of venue to the Eastern District of Wisconsin. They claim that venue is manufactured here on the basis of an absentee subsidiary. How dare they? Nobody EVER venue shops. EVER!

Anyway, we’ve gotten ahead of our skis here…

The company operates approximately 367 stores (125 bigbox, 235 hometown, and 10 express stores) in 25 states throughout the United States; it employs…

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  • Jurisdiction: D. of Nebraska

  • Capital Structure: see report.    

  • Company Professionals:

    • Legal: Kirkland & Ellis LLP (James Sprayragen, Patrick Nash Jr., Jamie Netznik, Travis Bayer, Steven Serajeddini, Daniel Rudewicz) & (local) McGrath North Mullin & Kratz P.C. LLO (James Niemeier, Michael Eversden, Lauren Goodman)

    • Board of Directors: Russell Steinhorst (CEO), Casey Lanza, Donald Roach, Mohsin Meghji, Steve Winograd

    • Financial Advisor: Berkeley Research Group LLC

    • Investment Banker: Houlihan Lokey Capital Inc. (Stephen Spencer)

    • Liquidation Consultant: Gordon Brothers Retail Partners LLC

      • Legal: Riemer & Braunstein LLP (Steven Fox)

    • Real Estate Consultant: Hilco Real Estate LLC

    • Claims Agent: Prime Clerk LLC (*click on company name above for free docket access)

  • Special Committee of the Board of Directors

    • Legal: Willkie Farr & Gallagher LLP

    • Financial Advisor: Ducera Partners LLC

  • Other Parties in Interest:

    • Wells Fargo Bank NA

      • Legal: Otterbourg PC (Chad Simon) & (local) Baird Holm LLP (Brandon Tomjack)

    • Official Committee of Unsecured Creditors (HanesBrands Inc., Readerlink Distribution Services LLC, Home Products International NA, McKesson Corp., Notations Inc., LCN SKO OMAHA (MULTI) LLC, Realty Income Corporation)

      • Legal: Pachulski Stang Ziehl & Jones LLP (Jeffrey Pomerantz, Bradford Sandler, Alan Kornfeld, Robert Feinstein) & (local) Goosmann Law Firm PLC (Joel Carney)

      • Financial Advisor: FTI Consulting Inc. (Conor Tully)

      • Expert Consultant: The Michel-Shaked Group (Israel Shaked)

Updated 3/9/19

💄New Chapter 11 Bankruptcy Filing - Glansaol Holdings Inc.💄

December 19, 2018

A week after Glossier CEO Emily Weiss revealed that the direct-to-consumer beauty brand hit $100mm in sales, Glansaol, a platform company that acquires, integrates and cultivates a portfolio of prestige beauty brands — including a direct-to-consumer brand — filed for bankruptcy in the Southern District of New York. The company owns a trio of three main brands: (a) Laura Geller, a distributor of female beauty and personal care products sold primarily on QVC and wholesale, (b) Julep, a wholesale distributor of high-end nail polish, skincare and cosmetic products with a direct-to-consumer and “subscription box” model, and (c) Clark’s Botanicals, a skincare retailer, which sells primarily via e-commerce (including Amazon) and QVC.

The company indicated that “a general shift away from brick-and-mortar shopping, evolving consumer demographics, and changing trends” precipitated its bankruptcy filing. More specifically, profit drivers, historically, have been broadcast shopping networks and wholesale distribution. But both QVC and large retailers have cut back orders significantly amidst a broader industry shakeout. Compounding matters is the fact that the company’s top two customers account for over 60% of total receivables. As we always say, customer concentration is NEVER a good thing.

Moreover, the company added:

…the Debtors have been unable to replace key revenue generators due to: (a) the increasingly competitive industry landscape coinciding with the downturn in the brick and mortar retail sector; (b) the decline in broadcast shopping network sales; and (c) the downturn of the Company’s single-brand subscription business, which faces competition from new entrants that offer subscriptions covering a variety of brands.

Hmmm. Insert Birchbox here? Perhaps Glansaol ought to have entered into a partnership with Walgreens! 🤔

What happens when you can’t move product? You build up inventory. Which, for a variety of reasons, is no bueno. Per the company:

…the decline in sales has saddled the Debtors with a significant oversupply of inventory, which has forced the Debtors to sell goods at steep markdowns and destroy certain products, further tightening margins and draining liquidity. Oversupply of inventory, coupled with higher returns and chargebacks described below, has also significantly increased the Debtors’ costs for warehouses and other third-party logistics providers.

Interestingly, the company aggregated the three brands in the first place because of perceived supply chain synergies. Per the company:

The strategy was put into practice in late 2016 and early 2017 when the Debtors acquired a trio of rising prestige beauty companies ― Laura Geller, Julep, and Clark’s Botanicals. The combination was designed to realize the benefit of natural synergies without any cannibalization. The brands share relatively similar supply chains where it was thought efficiencies could be realized, but they featured different price points and consumer profiles. For example, while Laura Geller appeals to consumers over the age of 35 and is primarily sold through wholesale retailers and broadcast shopping networks, Julep caters to a younger generation through its online business and experience-driven nail salons.

We love synergies. They always seem to be good in theory and nonexistent in practice. To point:

the Debtors were never able to achieve significant cost savings related to shared services among their brands. Upon the Debtors’ acquisitions of Laura Geller, Julep and Clark’s in 2016, the plan was to ultimately consolidate shared services, including supply chain, senior management, administrative support, human resources, information technology support, accounting, finance and legal services. The brands, however, were never fully integrated. Instead, the Company is saddled with a substantial legacy investment in a new ERP system, which was put into place ahead of cross-organizational efficiency initiatives and right-sizing functionality. Accordingly, the costs savings attributed to synergies, which had been a pillar of the Debtors’ original business model, were never realized.

Which is why we generally tend to be skeptical whenever we hear about cost savings and synergies as a basis for M&A (cough, Refinitiv).

Given all of the above, the company has been engaged in a marketing process since roughly February 2018 running, in the interim, based on its credit facility and equity infusions. Now, though, the company has a stalking horse bidder in tow in the form of AS Beauty LLC, which has agreed to purchase the company’s brands and related capital assets for approximately $16.2mm. The company’s prepetition lender, SunTrust Bank, has agreed to provide a $15mm DIP credit facility which, along with cash collateral, will fund the cases.

  • Jurisdiction: S.D. of New York (Judge Wiles)

  • Capital Structure: $7.2mm RCF (SunTrust Bank)

  • Company Professionals:

    • Legal: Willkie Farr & Gallagher LLP (Brian Lennon, Daniel Forman, Andrew Mordkoff)

    • Financial Advisor: Emerald Capital Advisors (John Madden)

    • Claims Agent: Omni Management Group Inc. (click on the case name above for free docket access)

  • Other Parties in Interest:

    • Prepetition Secured & DIP Lender: SunTrust Bank (Legal: Parker Hudson Rainer & Dobbs LLP — Rufus Dorsey, Eric Anderson, James Gadsden

    • Stalking Horse Purchaser: AS Beauty LLC (Legal: Sills Cummis & Gross PC — Michael Goldsmith, George Hirsch)

    • Private Equity Sponsor: Warburg Pincus Private Equity XII Funds

New Chapter 11 Bankruptcy Filing - LBI Media Inc.

LBI Media Inc.

November 21, 2018

Happy Thanksgiving y’all!! LBI Media Inc. and several affiliates FINALLY filed for bankruptcy today in the District of Delaware after years of questions about its financial health. The company is a privately held minority-owned Spanish-language broadcaster that owns or licenses 27 Spanish-language television and radio stations in the largest US markets; it services the largest media markets in the nation, including Los Angeles, New York City, Chicago, Miami, Houston and Dallas. It is also a victim of disruption.

The company notes that it has “faced the market pressures that have broadly affected U.S. television and radio broadcasters, including the 2008 recession and the diversion of advertising spend by companies to digital media.” Insert Facebook Inc. ($FB) here. That’s not all, though, of course: the company is also hampered by “a substantial debt load and corresponding interest expense obligations” which has stunted LBI’s financial performance, ability to invest and grow, and liquidity.

To address this situation, the company obtained an investment from its now-DIP lender, HPS Investment Partners, in April 2018 for a new first lien credit facility. This provided the company with much needed liquidity and, in turn, briefly extended the company’s runway out of bankruptcy court. The “make-whole” provision attached to the facility, however, became the subject of much controversy and an ad hoc group of second lien noteholders sued in New York state court for an injunction to hinder the transaction. Ultimately, the state court denied the noteholders.

But…but…the noteholders persisted. And this, apparently, left a bitter taste in the mouth’s of company management (and its counsel). Junior Noteholders, meet bus. 🚌🚌 The company notes:

Following the closing of the transaction, LBI sought to continue its growth efforts. However, such efforts were weakened by the Junior Noteholder Group, which continued to litigate against the Company, its founder and CEO, and HPS, the Company’s sole senior lender. The Junior Noteholder Group commenced multiple lawsuits, and threatened several more, distracting management from operations. These actions and threats not only hindered the Debtors’ efforts to improve their operations, but certain actions, including seeking to enjoin the first lien financing, risked pushing LBI into a precipitous freefall bankruptcy.

When coupled with the Debtors’ tightening liquidity (which was exacerbated by the expense of the Junior Noteholder Group litigation), the Junior Noteholder Group’s actions made it substantially more difficult for LBI to achieve the growth it had hoped for, and the Company determined that a comprehensive reorganization may be necessary.

Thereafter, settlement talks with the Junior Noteholders proved unsuccessful and, now, therefore, the company marches into bankruptcy court with a Restructuring Support Agreement (“RSA”) in hand with HPS whereby, subject to a “fiduciary out,” HPS will serve as (prearranged but hardly set in stone) Plan sponsor and swap its $233mm first lien senior secured notes for a majority equity interest in the company. The Plan — which at the time of this writing isn’t on the docket yet — reportedly provides for recoveries for other “supporting” constituencies. What’s that we hear? IT’S A (DEATH) TRAP!?!

(PETITION NOTE: for the uninitiated, a “death trap plan” is an inartful term for when the Debtor proposes and the senior lenders allows a recovery to trickle down the “priority waterfall” to junior lenders but only on account of said junior lenders’ support of, or vote for, the proposed Plan. In essence, its consideration for dispensing with “holdup value.” A “fiduciary out” gives the Debtor flexibility to, despite the RSA, agree to an alternative transaction that bests the HPS transaction without penalty or the need to pay a “break-up fee.”).

The plan provides the company with 75-day period to run a marketing process. While the company will market the company to potential strategic and financial investors, it is also making overtures to the Junior Noteholders to take out HPS’ claim(s) (without needing to satisfy the make-whole) and become the Plan sponsor such that it could walk away with 100% equity in the company.

All of which is to say: don’t let the terms “RSA” and “Plan” fool you. This is far from a consensual case being presented to the Bankruptcy Court Judge wrapped up in a shiny bow. The Junior Noteholders have been fighting the company and HPS for months: there is no reason to suspect that that will stop now merely because the company is a chapter 11 debtor.

  • Jurisdiction: D. of Delaware (Judge Lane)

  • Capital Structure: $233mm 10% ‘23 senior secured notes, $262mm 11.5/13.5 ‘20 PIK toggle second priority secured notes, $27.95mm 11% ‘22 PIK unsecured Intermediate senior Holdco notes (TMI Trust Company), $8.46mm 11% ‘17 unsecured Holdco notes (U.S. Bank NA)    

  • Company Professionals:

    • Legal: Weil Gotshal & Manges LLP (Ray Schrock, Garrett Fail, David J. Cohen) & (local) Richards Layton & Finger PA (Daniel DeFranceschi)

    • Board of Directors: Jose Liberman, Lenard Liberman, Winter Horton, Rockard Delgadillo, Peter Connoy, Neal Goldman

    • Financial Advisor: Alvarez & Marsal North America LLC

    • Investment Banker: Guggenheim Securities LLC

    • Claims Agent: Epiq Corporate Restructuring LLC (*click on company name above for free docket access)

  • Other Parties in Interest:

    • Prepetition First Lien & DIP Lender: HPS Investment Partners LLC ($38mm)

      • Legal: Paul Weiss Rifkind Wharton & Garrison LLP (Paul Basta, Jeffrey Safferstein, Sarah Harnett) & (local) Young Conaway Stargatt & Taylor LLP (Pauline Morgan, M. Blake Cleary)

    • First Lien Trustee: Wilmington Savings Fund Society FSB

      • Legal: Morrison & Foerster (Jonathan Levine) & (local) Ashby & Geddes PA (William Bowden)

    • Collateral Trustee for First Lien Notes: Credit Suisse AG

      • Legal: Locke Lorde LLP (Juliane Dziobak)

    • Ad Hoc Group of (Junior) Second Lien Noteholders

      • Legal: Willkie Farr & Gallagher LLP (Rachel Strickland)

    • Ad Hoc Group of Holdco Noteholders

      • Legal: Landis Rath & Cobb LLP (Matthew McGuire)

Updated 11/21/18 at 8:27 CT

New Chapter 11 Bankruptcy Filing - Aegean Marine Petroleum Network Inc.

Aegean Marine Petroleum Network Inc.

November 6, 2018

On Sunday, November 4, 2018, we wrote the following in our “Fast Forward” segment:

Aegean Marine Petroleum Network Inc. ($ANW) is now subject to a fraud probe by international auditors. This thing will be in a bankruptcy court near you before too long.

We didn’t expect that prediction to come to fruition so quickly!

Admittedly, Aegean, one of the world’s largest independent marine fuel logistics companies with 57 owned and chartered vessels, has been a slow moving train towards bankruptcy for some time. The recent revelation of fraud — yes, fraud — is just the cherry on top. (PETITION Note: in frothy times come desperate shenanigans. This won’t be the last bankruptcy filed in the near-term that, in part, will have an element of fraud in the story.) And, alas, earlier, Aegean Marine Petroleum Network Inc. and 74 affiliated debtors filed for bankruptcy in the Southern District of New York. The more immediate trigger? The maturity of its 4% convertible unsecured notes.

Aegean blames an over-saturated market, limitations imposed by its lenders under the credit facilities, and…wait for it…the fraud…as reasons for its bankruptcy filing. Wait. Why are we describing the debtors’ ails in words when they’ve provided us with some crafty graphics to illustrate, in part, the “perfect storm of circumstances” that have plagued them:

Source: First Day Declaration

Source: First Day Declaration

Aegean intends to use the bankruptcy process to address its capital structure (namely the maturity), stabilize operations and sell to Mercuria Energy Group Limited, a private company that, back in August, became the sole lender under both the debtors’ US and Global credit facilities. Mercuria also provided a DIP proposal that consists of a $160mm US credit facility, a $300mm global credit facility, and a $72mm term loan that the debtors deemed better than a proposed facility from an ad hoc group of unsecured convertible noteholders. The question will be to what degree a more robust and competitive sale process emerges now that this thing is finally in bankruptcy court.

  • Jurisdiction: S.D.N.Y. (Judge Wiles)

  • Capital Structure: $131.7mm US credit facility (ABN AMRO Bank NV), $249.6mm global credit facility (ABN AMRO Bank NV), $206.6mm aggregated across ten secured term loans, $172.5mm 4.25% convertible unsecured notes due 2021 (U.S. Bank NA), $94.55mm 4.00% convertible unsecured notes due 2018 (Deutsche Bank Trust Company Americas)  

  • Company Professionals:

    • Legal: Kirkland & Ellis LLP (James Sprayragen, Jonathan Henes, Marc Kieselstein, Ross Kwasteniet, Cristine Pirro Schwarzman, Adam Paul, Benjamin Winger, Christopher Hayes, Bryan Uelk)

    • Independent Directors: Donald Moore, Raymond Bartoszek, Tyler Baron)

    • Audit Committee of the Board of Directors

      • Legal: Arnold & Porter Kaye Scholer LLP (Tyler Nurnberg)

    • Financial Advisor: EY Turnaround Management Services LLC (Andrew Hede)

    • Investment Banker: Moelis & Company LLC (Zul Jamal)

    • Claims Agent: Epiq Corporate Restructuring LLC (*click on company name above for free docket access)

  • Other Parties in Interest:

    • Prepetition Agent: ABN AMRO Capital USA LLC

      • Legal: Willkie Farr & Gallagher LLP (Ana Alfonso)

    • Prepetition Agent: Aegean Baltic Bank SA

      • Legal: White & Case LLP (Scott Greissman, Elizabeth Feld, Mark Franke)

    • Indenture Trustee for the 4% ‘18 Convertible Senior Notes

      • Legal: Ropes & Gray LLP (Mark Somerstein, Patricia Chen)

    • Largest Equity Holder/Stalking Horse Buyer: Mercuria Energy Group Limited

      • Legal: Norton Rose Fulbright US LLP (Marc Ashley, Robert Kirby)

    • Official Committee of Unsecured Creditors (Deutsche Bank Trust Company Americas, U.S. Bank National Association, American Express Travel Related Services Company Inc.)

      • Legal: Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld LLP (Ira Dizengoff, Philip Dublin, Kevin Zuzolo)

      • Financial Advisor: AlixPartners LLP

Source: First Day Declaration

Source: First Day Declaration

Updated 11/17/18

😷New Chapter 11 & CCAA Bankruptcy Filing - Aralez Pharmaceuticals US Inc.😷

8/10/18

Publicly-traded Ontario-based Aralez Pharmaceuticals US Inc. ($ARLZ), a specialty pharma company focused on the development and commercialization of cardiovascular products, filed for bankruptcy to pursue sales of its main operating businesses in the US and Canada. The company will use the bankruptcy process to sell its TOPROL-XL franchise, a beta-blocker used to treat high blood pressure, chest pain and heart failure, to its secured lender, Deerfield Management Company LP, for approximately $140mm; it will also sell its VIMOVO royalties and Canadian operations to Nuvo Pharmaceuticals Inc. ($NRI) in a transaction valued at $110mm. The company purchased the former franchise in late 2016 for $175mm so a sale for $140mm is a bit of a slap in the face.

The company blames its chapter 11 filing on Amazon. Just kidding. These pharma deals are so technical and boring that we had to write that just to see if you were still paying attention.

The company REALLY blames its chapter 11 filing on a “highly competitive”pharmaceuticals market “characterized by rapidly changing markets and technology, emerging industry standards and frequent introduction of new products.” It notes:

The market is dominated by a small number of highly-concentrated global competitors, many of which boast substantially greater resources than the Company, and competition is based on, among other things, product safety, reliability, availability, and price.

The company seeks approval of a $15mm DIP credit facility provided by Deerfield.

  • Jurisdiction: Southern District of New York (Judge Glenn)

  • Capital Structure: $203.1mm 12.5% term loan (plus $2.7mm in PIK interest); $75.5mm 2.5% ‘22 senior convertible secured notes (plus $200k in PIK interest).

  • Company Professionals:

    • Legal: Willkie Farr & Gallagher LLP (Paul V. Shalhoub, Robin Spigel, Debra C. McElligott)

    • Financial Advisor: Alvarez & Marsal Healthcare Industry Group LLC

    • Investment Banker: Moelis & Company (Barak Klein)

    • Claims Agent: Prime Clerk LLC

  • Other Parties in Interest:

    • DIP Agent: Deerfield Management Company LP (Legal: Katten Muchin Rosenman LLP, Steven Reisman, Shaya Rochester, Peter Siddiqui, Paul Musser)

New Chapter 11 Filing - FirstEnergy Solutions Corp.

FirstEnergy Solutions Corp. 

March 31, 2018

#MAGA!!

FirstEnergy Solutions Corp. ("FES"), the wholly-owned subsidiary of publicly-traded (non-debtor) FirstEnergy Corp. has filed a "freefall" bankruptcy in the Northern District of Ohio. FES is a provider of "unregulated"-yet-regulated energy-related products and services to retail and wholesale customers primarily in Illinois, Maryland, Michigan, New Jersey, Ohio and Pennsylvania. It owns and operates (a) fossil generating facilities (read: coal) in Ohio (three) and Philadelphia (one) through its FirstEnergy Generation subsidiary ("FG") and, (b) 3 nuclear generating facilities (two in Ohio and one in Philadelphia)through its FirstEnergy Nuclear Generation LLC ("NG") subsidiary. 

For those of you who aren't power geeks - and we confess that we are not - this filing gives a pretty solid primer on how United States' power production and distribution works. Or doesn't work - depending on your point of view, we suppose. We summarize some high points here but if you're especially nerdy and want to understand the power industry better, read docket number 55. You can find it via the case name link above. 

A big piece of this bankruptcy filing is the debtors' retail electricity business. Retail sellers of electricity are subject to state-applied "Renewable Portfolio Standards" ("RPS") that requires sellers to obtain a certain percentage or amount of its power supply from renewable energy sources. One way to comply is through the purchase of renewable energy credits ("RECs"). Historically, FES has obtained RECs to comply with the RPS via eight power purchase agreements entered into between 2003-2011 with various wind and solar power producers. But apparently things have changed considerably since then. And FES no longer wants the RECs. 

What's changed? Now FES's actual and projected sales are much lower. Per the company in more detail: 

"The main drivers to the collapse in prices include:
• Lower natural gas prices due to continued improvements in natural gas fracking;
• Excess generating capacity due in part to lower than expected load growth;
• Lower cost of construction for renewable technologies, and/or improved performance (e.g., higher capacity factors); and
• Surplus of RECs."

Also, future market prices and outlook for power and RECs are projected materially lower. RPS mandates are less demanding (#MAGA!!). And the supply of RECs is significantly greater. Said another way: energy disruption. From frackers pushing a rapid expansion in nat gas supplies which, in turn, caused plummeting electricity prices and reduced profits. From regulation and the rise of renewables. From energy efficient electronics. 

Per the company, "While the PPAs made sense to FES at the time they were entered into, a dramatic downturn in the energy market and prices of RECs now renders these contracts extremely burdensome and uneconomic to FES." They're also, according to the debtor, unnecessary: FES is phasing out its retail business and, today, expects to sell less than half of the amount of power this year that it sold in 2013. Consequently, FES seeks to reject those PPAs in bankruptcy.

Which is not the only PPA it seeks to reject. The debtor also seeks to shed its multi-party intercompany PPA pursuant to which it and several other power companies purchase power generated via fossil fuel from the Ohio Valley Electric Corporation ("OVEC"). The debtor alleges that this obligation is priced at above-market rates. And because FES sells very little wholesale power emanating out of the OVEC PPA, it stands to lose approximately $268 million from the deal. Yikes. 

The issue, though, is whether the rejection of the nine PPAs will cause disruption to the continued supply of wholesale electricity or impact the reliability of the transmission grid in the regional transmission organization that governs FES and FG. That generally means YOUR electricity - if you live in the Northeast. Naturally, the debtor argues it won't. The federal government may think otherwise. And this is precisely why the company filed an action seeking a declaratory judgment and injunction against the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission ("FERC") to prevent the feds from hindering -- on the basis of the Federal Power Act -- the company's attempts to reject the PPAs under the federal bankruptcy code. FERC regulates the wholesale power market. It is also why the company has filed a request for assistance from Rick Perry, President Trump's Energy Secretary. This is some real dramatic sh*t folks: a conflict between federal statutes with efforts for executive branch intervention. Someone dial up Daniel Day-Lewis and bring him out of retirement: this could be the next "Lincoln." 

So, in a nutshell: the company filed for bankruptcy because it needs to leverage the bankruptcy code's debtor-friendly provisions to shed some burdensome contracts - including the PPAs. It also needs to address its cost structure, its over-levered balance sheet (in terms of interest payments and near-term maturities), and lease payments under certain sale-leaseback arrangements related to one of its power facilities. Said another way, this is a full-stop restructuring: both operational and financial in nature. There is a "Process Support Agreement" with various parties in interest which reflects a good faith commitment to cooperate on first day motions, implementation of employee retention and severance programs, and establishing a protocol for the disposition of company assets. Sounds great but it doesn't really promise any certainty given the various claims and regulatory issues. Buckle your seat belts. 

Some additional things of note:

  • "Just when I thought I was out, they pull me back in!" (Long Don Corleone). Ironically in the week that Westinghouse Electric Corp. emerged out of its own bankruptcy proceeding, it may now find itself back in bankruptcy court for purposes of adjudicating its $2.36 million trade claim.
  • Coal (#MAGA!!). A first order of business is the debtor is seeking to reject its coal transportation agreements with BNSF Railway Company ((owned by Berkshire Hathaway ($BRK.A)) and Norfolk Southern Railway Company ($NSC). Why? It expects to order 200,000 tons of coal less than the 2.5 million tons of coal minimum requirement delineated in the contract. The debtor claims that rejection of the contract will save it $105.6 million over the next 12 months as it replaces rail with barge transportation. 
  • Commodities. The company also seeks to reject certain uranium supply contracts because (i) it already has enough uranium inventory for the rest of 2018 and 2019, (ii) the spot price for uranium has dropped precipitously since entering into the agreements (from $36 and $48 per pound, respectively, to $22 per pound), and (iii) there is "ample supply of uranium available in the market." 
  • Professional Retentions: Two law firms represent the Ad Hoc Group of Holders of the 6.85% Pass Through Certificates due 2034 because George Davis departed O'Melveny & Myers LLP for Latham & Watkins LLP. 
 
  • Jurisdiction: N.D. of Ohio (Judge Koschik)
  • Capital Structure: $3.8 billion funded debt     
    • FES

      • $700 million secured revolving credit facility, ~$332 million of '21 6.05% unsecured notes; (c) ~$363 million of '39 6.80% unsecured notes; and (d) $150 million revolving credit note with Allegheny Energy Supply Company, LLC under which $102 million is currently outstanding and is due on April 2, 2018. 

    • FG

      • ~$328 million of secured fixed-rate pollution control revenue notes ("PCNs"); ~$677 million of unsecured fixed-rate PCNs

    • NG

      • ~$285 million of secured PCNs; ~$842 million of unsecured PCNs

  • Company Professionals:
    • Legal: Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld LLP (Ira Dizengoff, Lisa Beckerman, Brad Kahn, Scott Alberino, Kate Doorley, David Applebaum, Todd Brecher, Sean O'Donnell, Rachel Presa, Brian Carney, Abid Qureshi, Joseph Sorkin, David Zensky) & (local) Brouse McDowell LPA (Marc Merklin, Kate Bradley, Bridget Franklin) & (conflicts) Willkie Farr & Gallagher LLP
    • Financial Advisor/CRO: Alvarez & Marsal North America LLC (Charles Moore)
    • Investment Banker: Lazard Ltd. 
    • Claims Agent: Prime Clerk LLC (*click on company name for docket)
    • Special Nuclear Regulatory Counsel: Hogan Lovells US LLP
    • Industry Consultants: ICF International Inc.
    • Special Litigation Counsel: Quinn Emanuel Urquhart & Sullivan LLP
    • Tax Consultant: KPMG US LLP
    • Communications Consultant: Sitrick and Company
  • Other Parties in Interest:
    • Board of Directors of FirstEnergy Corp. 
      • Legal: Squire Patton Boggs (US) LLP (Stephen Lerner, Peter Morrison, Julia Furlong)
    • Wilmington Savings Fund Society FSB
      • Legal: KIlpatrick Townsend & Stockton LLP (Todd Meyers, Michael Langford) & (local) McDonald Hopkins LLC (Michael Kaczka, Scott Opincar, Maria Carr)
    • Indenture Trustee: Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A.
    • Indenture Trustee to PCNs: UMB Bank, National Association
    • Ad Hoc Group of Holders of the 6.85% Pass Through Certificates due 2034
      • Legal: O'Melveny & Myers LLP & Latham & Watkins LLP
      • Financial Advisor: Guggenheim Partners LLC
    • Ad Hoc Group of Holders of PCNs issued by FG and NG
      • Legal: Kramer Levin Naftalis & Frankel LLP 
      • Financial Advisor: GLC Advisors & Co.
    • Contract Counterparty: BNSF Railway Company
      • Legal: Whitmer & Eherman LLC (Mary Whitmer, James Ehrman, Robert Stefancin)
    • Non-debtor Parent: FirstEnergy Corp.
      • Legal: Jones Day (Heather Lennox, Thomas Wilson)

New Chapter 11 - Remington Outdoor Company

Remington Outdoor Company

3/25/18

Remington Outdoor Company, a gun manufacturer, has finally filed for bankruptcy - a day after Americans took to the streets to #MarchforourLives. Ah, bankruptcy irony. The company's operations are truly national in scope; it has manufacturing facilities in New York and Alabama and a primary ammunition plant in Arkansas. Its "principal customers are various mass market retail chains (e.g., Wal-Mart and Dick's Sporting Goods) and specialty retail stores (e.g., Bass Pro Shops and Cabela's) and wholesale distributors (e.g., Sports South)." Guns! #MAGA!!

Why did the company have to file for bankruptcy? We refer you to our mock "First Day Declaration" from February here. Much of it continues to apply. Indeed, our mockery of the change in tone from President Obama to President Trump was spot on: post Trump's election, the company's inventory supply far exceeded demand. The (fictional) threat of the government going house-to-house to collect guns is a major stimulant to demand, apparently. Here is the change in financial performance,

"At the conclusion of 2017, the Debtors had realized approximately $603.4 million in sales and an adjusted EBITDA of $33.6 million. In comparison, in 2015 and 2016, the Debtors had achieved approximately $808.9 million and $865.1 million in sales and $64 million and $119.8 million in adjusted EBITDA, respectively."

Thanks Trump. 

We'd be remiss, however, if we didn't also note that NOWHERE in the company's bankruptcy filings does it mention the backlash against guns or the company's involvement in shootings...namely, the one that occurred in Las Vegas. 

The company, therefore, negotiated with its various lenders and arrived at a restructuring support agreement. The agreement provides for debtor-in-possession credit ($193mm asset-backed DIP + $100mm term loan DIP + $45mm DIP, the latter of which is a roll-up of a bridge loan provided by lenders prior to the filing). Upon the effective date of a plan of reorganization, the third lien lenders and term lenders will own the reorganized company. 

  • Jurisdiction: D. of Delaware 
  • Capital Structure: $225mm ABL (Bank of America, $114.5mm funded), $550.5mm term loan (Ankura Trust Company LLC), $226mm 7.875% Senior Secured Notes due 2020 (Wilmington Trust NA), $12.5mm secured Huntsville Note     
  • Company Professionals:
    • Legal: Milbank Tweed Hadley & McCloy LLP (Gregory Bray, Tyson Lomazow, Thomas Kreller, Haig Maghakian) & (local) Pachulski Stang Ziehl & Jones LLP (Laura Davis Jones, Timothy Cairns, Joseph Mulvihill)
    • Financial Advisor: Alvarez & Marsal LLC (Joseph Sciametta)
    • Investment Banker: Lazard (Ari Lefkovits)
    • Claims Agent: Prime Clerk LLC (*click on company name above for free docket access)
  • Other Parties in Interest:
    • DIP ABL Agent ($193mm): Bank of America NA (DIP ABL Lenders: Bank of America NA, Wells Fargo Bank NA, Regions Bank, Branch Banking and Trust Company, Synovus Bank, Fifth Third Bank, Deutsche Bank AG New York Branch)
      • Legal: Skadden Arps Slate Meagher & Flom LLP (Paul Leake, Shana Elberg, Jason Liberi, Cameron Fee)
    • Admin Agent to the DIP TL: Ankura Trust Company LLC
      • Legal: Davis Polk & Wardwell LLP (Damian Schaible, Darren Klein, Michele McGreal, Dylan Consla) & (local) Richards Layton & Finger LLP (Mark Collins, Michael Merchant, Joseph Barsalona)
    • Ad Hoc Group of TL Lenders 
      • Legal: O'Melveny & Myers LLP (John Rapisardi, Andrew Parlen, Joseph Zujkowski, Amalia Sax-Bolder) & (local) Richards Layton & Finger LLP (Mark Collins, Michael Merchant, Joseph Barsalona)
    • Third Lien Noteholders
      • Legal: Willkie Farr & Gallagher LLP (Rachel Strickland, Joseph Minias, Debra McElligott) & (local) Young Conaway Stargatt & Taylor LLP (Edmon Morton, Allison Mielke)
    • Wells Fargo Bank NA
      • Legal: Otterbourg PC (Andrew Kramer)
    • Cerberus Operations and Advisory Company, LLC
      • Legal: Schulte Roth & Zabel LLP (David Hillman)
    • Reorganized Board of Directors (Anthony Acitelli, Chris Brady, George W. Wurtz III, G.M. McCarroll, Gene Davis, Ron Coburn, Ken D'Arcy)
  • Official Committee of Unsecured Creditors
    • Legal: Fox Rothschild LLP (Michael Menkowitz, Paul Labov, Jason Manfrey, Jesse Harris, Seth Niederman)

Updated: 4/27/18

New Chapter 11 Filing - iHeartMedia Inc.

iHeartMedia Inc.

3/14/18

iHeartMedia Inc., a leading global media company specializing in radio, outdoor, mobile, social, live media, on-demand entertainment and more, has filed for bankruptcy -- finally succumbing to its $20 billion of debt ($16 billion funded) and $1.4 billion of cash interest in 2017. WOWSERS. The company purports to have "an agreement in principle with the majority of [its] creditors and [its] financial sponsors that reflects widespread support across the capital structure for a comprehensive plan to restructure...$10 billion..." of debt.

The company notes $3.6 billion of revenue and unparalleled monthly reach ((we'll have more to say about this in this Sunday's Members-only newsletter (3/18/18) - this claim deserves an asterisk)). 

Still, as it also notes, the company faces significant headwinds. It states in its First Day Declaration,

"Among other factors, the global economic downturn that began in 2008 resulted in a decline in advertising and marketing spending by the Debtors’ customers, which resulted in a corresponding decline in advertising revenues across the Debtors’ business. Then, as the economy recovered, the Debtors’ industry faced new and intense competition from the rapidly-growing internet and digital advertising industry and the entry of on-demand streaming services, both of which siphoned off the share of advertiser revenues allocated by agencies and brands to broadcast radio. The Debtors have taken various operational steps to stem the negative effect of these trends; among other initiatives, the Debtors have successfully developed emerging platforms including its industry-leading iHeartRadio digital platform and nationally-recognized iHeartRadio-branded live events that are audio and video streamed and televised nationwide."

The company ought to expect these trends to continue.

Large creditors include Cumulus Media Inc. (~$5.6 million...yikes) and Spotify (~$2 million).  

  • Jurisdiction: S.D. of Texas
  • Capital Structure:    
Screen Shot 2018-03-15 at 2.28.26 PM.png

 

  • Company Professionals:
    • Legal: Kirkland & Ellis LLP (James Sprayragen, Anup Sathy, Brian Wolfe, William Guerrieri, Christopher Marcus, Stephen Hackney, Richard U.S. Howell, Benjamin Rhode, AnnElyse Gibbons) & Jackson Walker LLP (Patricia Tomasco, Matthew Cavenaugh, Jennifer Wertz)
    • Financial Advisor to the Company: Moelis & Co. 
      • Legal: Latham & Watkins LLP (Caroline Reckler, Matthew Warren)
    • Restructuring Advisor to the Company: Alvarez & Marsal LLC
    • Legal for the Independent Directors: Munger Tolles & Olson LLP (Kevin Allred, Seth Goldman, Thomas Walper, John Spiegel)
    • Financial Advisor to the Independent Directors: Perella Weinberg Partners LP
    • Claims Agent: Prime Clerk LLC (*click on company name above for free docket access)
  • Other Parties in Interest:
    • Large Equity Holders: Bain Capital & Thomas H. Lee Partners
      • Legal: Weil Gotshal & Manges LLP (Matthew Barr, Christopher Lopez, Gabriel Morgan)
    • Potential Buyer: Liberty Media Corporation & Sirius XM Holdings Inc.
      • Legal: Weil Gotshal & Manges LLP (Stephen Karotkin, Ray Schrock, Alfredo Perez)
    • Successor Trustee for the 6.875% '18 Senior Notes and 7.25% '27 Senior Notes: Wilmington Savings Fund Society, FSB
      • Legal: White & Case LLP (Thomas Lauria, Jason Zakia, Erin Rosenberg, J. Christopher Shore, Harrison Denman, Michele Meises, Mark Franke, Michael Garza) & Pryor Cashman LLP (Seth Lieberman, Patrick Sibley, Matthew Silverman) & (local) Andrews Kurth Kenyon LLP (Robin Russell, Timothy A. Davidson II, Ashley Harper)
    • Successor Trustee for the 11.25% '21 Priority Guaranty Notes
      • Legal: Kelley Drye & Warren LLP (Eric Wilson, Benjamin Feder, Kristin Elliott)
    • Successor Trustee for the 14.00% Senior Notes due 2021
      • Legal: Norton Rose Fulbright (US) LLP (Jason Boland, Christy Rivera, Marian Baldwin Fuerst)
    • Term Loan/PGN Group
      • Legal: Jones Day (Thomas Howley, Bruce Bennett, Joshua Mester)
    • Ad Hoc Group of Term Loan Lenders
      • Legal: Arnold & Porter Kaye Scholer LLP (Michael Messersmith, Tyler Nurnberg, Sarah Gryll, Christopher Odell, Hannah Sibiski) 
    • TPG Specialty Lending Inc.
      • Legal: Schulte Roth & Zabel LLP (Adam Harris, David Hillman, James Bentley) & (local) Jones Walker LLP (Joseph Bain, Laura Ashley) 
    • Special Committees of the Board of Clear Channel Outdoor Holdings Inc.
      • Legal: Willkie Farr & Gallagher LLP (Matthew Feldman, Paul Shalhoub, Christopher Koenig, Jennifer Jay Hardy)
    • Ad Hoc Committee of 14% Senior Noteholders of iHeart Communications
      • Legal: Gibson Dunn & Crutcher LLP (Robert Klyman, Matt Williams, Keith Martorana, Matthew Porcelli) & (local) Porter Hedges LLP (John Higgins, Aaron Power, Samuel Spiers)
    • 9.00% Priority Guarantee Notes due 2019 Trustee: Wilmington Trust NA
      • Legal: Stroock & Stroock & Lavan LLP (Jayme Goldstein, Daniel Fliman, Brian Wells) & (local) Haynes and Boone, LLP (Charles Beckham Jr., Martha Wyrick, Kelsey Zottnick)
    • Citibank N.A.
      • Legal: Cahill Gordon & Reindel LLP (Joel Levitin, Richard Stieglitz Jr.) & (local) Locke Lord LLP (Berry Spears)
    • Delaware Trust Company
      • Legal: Quinn Emanuel Urquhart & Sullivan LLP (Benjamin Finestone, K. John Shaffer, Monica Tarazi, Victor Noskov)
    • Official Committee of Unsecured Creditors
      • Legal: Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld LLP (Ira Dizengoff, Philip Dublin, Naomi Moss, Charles Gibbs, Marty Brimmage)

Updated 3/30/18

New Chapter 11 Filing - Fallbrook Technologies Inc.

Fallbrook Technologies Inc. 

2/26/18 Recap: Texas-based inventor of and patent-holder in the NuVinci Technology, a potential gear replacement technology, has filed for bankruptcy to implement a balance sheet restructuring. The company's "game changer" NuVinci Technology purportedly "changes the way mechanical power is transmitted to improve the performance and efficiency of transmission systems" and can be incorporated in bicycles, automotive accessory drives, electric vehicles, lawn care equipment and small wind turbines. 

In addition to commercializing its technology, the company deploys a licensing and royalties model. Unfortunately, however, the company's licensees aren't selling product with the NuVinci Technology thus far and, consequently, royalty revenue is non-existent. As such, "the Debtors’ revenue streams do not currently provide sufficient liquidity necessary to satisfy their debt and operating expense obligations." Not quite a game changer, yet, it seems. Due to this, the company fell short of financial covenants protecting its lenders. 

After an attempted but failed prepetition sale process, the company secured a DIP credit facility from Kayne Credit Opportunities Fund (QP) LLP in support of a prearranged bankruptcy agreed to with certain supporting noteholders for the purposes of deleveraging. 

  • Jurisdiction: D. of Delaware (Judge Walrath)
  • Capital Structure: $49.6mm 12% '19 senior secured notes (inclusive of fees and PIK interest), $8.8mm secured bridge notes, $15.3mm '19 senior subordinated convertible notes     
  • Company Professionals:
    • Legal: Shearman & Sterling LLP (Ned Schodek, Jordan Wishnew) & (local) Young Conaway Stargatt & Taylor LLP (Pauline K. Morgan, Kenneth J. Enos, Jaime Luton Chapman, Betsy L. Feldman)
    • Financial Advisor/CRO: Ankura Consulting (Roy Messing)
    • Claims Agent: Epiq Bankruptcy Solutions LLC (*click on company name above for free docket access)
  • Other Parties in Interest:
    • DIP Lender: Kayne Credit Opportunities Fund (QP) LLP
      • Legal: Willkie Farr & Gallagher LLP (Rachel Strickland, Paul Shalhoub, Richard Choi) & (local) Richards Layton & Finger PA (Mark Collins, Michael Merchant, Joseph Barsalona)
    • Licensee: Dana Holding Corporation
      • Legal: Paul Weiss Rifkind Wharton & Garrison LLP (Alan Kornberg, Aaron David) & (local) Cozen O'Connor (Mark Felger)

New Chapter 11 Bankruptcy - Armstrong Energy Inc.

Armstrong Energy Inc.

  • 11/1/17 Recap: What a week or so for coal. #MAGA! While oil and gas post-reorg equities have, despite some recent upward movement, had middling results, coal has fared well. Last week Peabody Energy Inc. ($BTU) reported solid numbers and saw its stock pop above $30/share and Arch Coal Inc. ($ARCH) has also enjoyed a nice run. It's up nearly 4% today. While Contura Energy (f/k/a Alpha Natural Resources Inc.) remains in limbo with a pulled-IPO, Armstrong Energy now joins the aforementioned companies as a bankruptcy filer, with the hopes of effectuating a restructuring support agreement-based debt-for-equity transaction that will effectively turn the keys over to a joint venture comprised of the holders of the company's first lien senior secured notes and Knight Hawk Holdings LLC. More to come once the filing is complete.
  • Jurisdiction: E.D. of Missouri (Judge Surratt-States)
  • Capital Structure: $200mm 11.75% '19 first lien senior secured notes (Wells Fargo Bank NA)
  • Company Professionals:
    • Legal: Kirkland & Ellis LLP (James Sprayragen, Jonathan Henes, Ross Kwasteniet, William Guerrieri, Travis Bayer, Timothy Bow) & (local) Armstrong Teasdale LLP (Richard Engel Jr., Erin Edelman, John Willard)
    • Financial Advisor: MAEVA Group LLC (Harry J. Wilson)
    • Restructuring Advisor/CRO: FTI Consulting Inc. (Alan Boyko, Brian Martin, Christopher Marshall)
    • Financial Advisor: Houlihan Lokey Capital Inc.
    • Claims Agent: Donlin Recano & Co. Inc. (*click on company name above for free docket access)
  • Other Parties in Interest:
    • Indenture Trustee: Wells Fargo Bank NA
      • Legal: Loeb & Loeb LLP (Walter Curchack, Vadim Rubinstein) & (local) Spencer Fane LLP (Eric Peterson, Ryan Hardy)
    • Ad Hoc Group of Senior Secured Noteholders (BlueMountain Capital Management LLC, Caspian Capital LP, GoldenTree Asset Management LP, Marathon Asset Management LP, Panning Master Fund LP, Teachers Insurance and Annuity Association of America)
      • Legal: Paul Weiss Rifkind Wharton & Garrison LLP (Brian Hermann, Elizabeth McColm, Diane Meyers, Adam Denhoff, Daniel Youngblut) & (local) Carmody MacDonald PC (Christopher Lawhorn, Thomas Riske)
    • Large Creditors: Thoroughbred Holdings GP LLC, Thoroughbred Resources, L.P., Western Mineral Development, LLC, and Ceralvo Holdings, LLC
      • Legal: Willkie Farr & Gallagher LLP (Matthew Feldman, Debra McElligott) & (local) Husch Blackwell LLP (Marshall Turner)
    • Creditor: Kenergy Corp.
      • Legal: Jones Day (Scott Greenberg, Kyle Patrick Lane)
    • Official Committee of Unsecured Creditors
      • Legal: Morrison & Foerster LLP (Lorenzo Marinuzzi, Jennifer Marines, Daniel Harris, Rahman Connelly) & (local) Affinity Law Group LLC (J. Talbot Sant Jr.)

Updated 11/17/17

New Chapter 11 Filing - Seadrill Ltd.

Seadrill Ltd.

  • 9/12/17 Recap: Cash rich offshore oil and gas extraction company with global reach filed a prearranged bankruptcy to effectuate a balance sheet restructuring because...well...it was over-levered AF. The company purports to have a deal with its major creditors with secured creditors kicking the can down the road, and $2.3b worth of unsecured bondholders and other unsecured claims converting into approximately 15% of the post-reorg equity (with participation rights in the new secured notes and equity noted below). The company will get $1.06b of new capital by combination of new secured notes ($860mm) and equity ($200mm). Holders of $NADL stock will get a big fat donut.  
  • Jurisdiction: S.D. of Texas (Judge David Jones)
  • Capital Structure: A. Lot. Of. Debt. Like $5.7mm of bank debt and $2.3mm of unsecured bonds.
First Day Declaration.

First Day Declaration.

 

  • Company Professionals:
    • Legal: Kirkland & Ellis LLP (Jayme Sprayragen, Anup Sathy, Ross Kwasteniet, Adam Paul, Brian Schartz, Anna Rotman, Jeffrey Zeiger, Anthony Grossi, Spencer Winters) & (local) Jackson Walker LLP (Patricia Tomasco, Matthew Cavenaugh, Rachel Biblo Block)
    • Restructuring Advisor: Alvarez & Marsal LLC (Jeffrey Stegenga, Ed Mosley)
    • Financial Advisor: Houlihan Lokey (David Hilty, Gavin Kagan, Dimitar Voukadinov, Drew Talarico, David Wang, Brian Keenan, Varun Desai, Daniel McManus) & Morgan Stanley
    • Claims Agent: Prime Clerk LLC (*click on company name for docket)
  • Other Parties in Interest:
    • Conflicts Committee of Board of Directors of North Atlantic Drilling Limited and to the Conflicts Committee of the Board of Directors of Sevan Drilling Limited
      • Legal: Willkie Farr & Gallagher LLP (Jennifer Hardy, Andrew Mordkoff, Derek Osei-Bonsu)
      • Financial Advisor: Baker Tilly Virchow Krause LLP (Susan Seabury)
    • Conflicts Committee of Seadrill Partners LLC
      • Legal: Orrick Herrington & Sutcliffe LLP (Katherine Treistman, Raniero D'Aversa, Laura Metzger, Debra Felder)
    • New Money: Hemen Holding Ltd., Centerbridge Partners LP
      • Legal: Cadwalader Wickersham & Taft LLP (Greg Petrick, Yushan Ng, Nicholas Vislocky) & Fried Frank Harris Shriver & Jacobson LLP (Brad Scheler, Jennifer Rodburg, Andrew Minear) & (local) Dykema Cox Smith (Deborah Williamson, Patrick Huffstickler, Aaron Kaufman)
    • Consenting Lender Group
      • Legal: White & Case LLP (Scott Greissman, Philip Abelson, Andrew Katz) & (local) Andrews Kurth Kenyon LLP (Robin Russell, Timothy A. Davidson II, Joseph Rovira)
    • Aristeia Capital L.L.C., GLG Partners LP, Saba Capital Management LP and Whitebox Advisors LLC
      • Legal: Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld LLP (Philip Dublin, Ira Dizengoff, David Staber, Abid Qureshi, Sara Brauner)
    • ARCM Master Fund III, Ltd.
      • Legal: Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison, LLP (Elizabeth McColm, Andrew Rosenberg, Catherine Goodall)
    • Indenture Trustee: Deutsche Bank Trust Company Americas
      • Legal: Morgan, Lewis & Bockius LLP (Chad Steward, Glenn Siegel, Crystal Axelrod, Rachel Jaffe Mauceri)
    • Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering
      • Legal: Pachulski Stang Ziehl & Jones LLP (Shirley Cho, Bradford Sandler, Steven Golden)
    • Samsung Heavy Industries Co., Ltd.,
      • Legal: Hogan Lovells US LLP (Robin E. Keller, Ronald J. Silverman, Christopher R. Bryant, Michael Shane Johnson) & (local) 
    • Official Committee of Unsecured Creditors (Nordic Trustee AS, Deutsche Bank Trust Company Americas, Computershare Trust Company NA, Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering Co. Ltd., Samsung Heavy Industries Co. Ltd., Pentagon Freight Services Inc., Louisiana Machinery Co. LLC)
      • Legal: Kramer Levin Naftalis & Frankel LLP (Thomas Moers Mayer, Douglas Mannal, Jennifer Sharret) & (local) Cole Schotz PC (Michael Warner, Benjamin Wallen)

Updated 10/5/17 12:03 pm CT

New Chapter 11 Filing - CGG Holding (US) Inc.

CGG Holding (US) Inc.

  • 6/14/17 Recap: Global geophysical and geoscience company servicing customers primarily in oil and gas E&P is the latest victim of the oil and gas downturn of the past two-or-so years. The company's success is tied heavily to the E&P space and those clients were reluctant to invest in data acquisition projects to identify areas for future production or increased current production; therefore, you can imagine what happened to revenues and what that means when you're looking at a debt-stack as aggressive as this one. Indeed revenues and earnings were cut by 67% from 2012 to 2016. Ad hoc groups of secured lenders and high yield bondholders as well as as certain holders of the converts and certain shareholders of CGG SA, the foreign entity that filed in France and for Chapter 15, have entered into a Lock-up agreement delineating a balance sheet restructuring. The upshot is that the high yield bondholders and converts will own the majority of the equity in the reorganized company. 
  • Jurisdiction: S.D. of New York (Judge Glenn)
  • Capital Structure: $810mm secured debt ($300mm French Revolver of CGG SA - Wilmington Trust (London), $165mm US Revolver - Credit Suisse AG, $342mm US TL - Wilmington Trust NA), $1.6b senior unsecured high yield bonds (The Bank of New York Mellon) and $402.7mm convertible notes (issued by CGG SA).     
  • Company Professionals:
    • Legal: Paul Weiss Rifkind Wharton & Garrison LLP (Alan Kornberg, Brian Hermann, Lauren Shumejda, Christopher Hopkins) & (Chapter 15 for CGG SA) Linklaters LLP (Margot Schonholz, Robert Trust, Christopher Hunker)
    • Financial Advisor: AlixPartners LLP (Becky Roof, Susan Brown, Brad Hunter, John Creighton, Francisco Echevarria,John Somerville, David Shim)
    • Investment Banker: Morgan Stanley & Lazard (Kenneth Ziman)
      • Legal (Lazard): Sidley Austin LLP (Thomas Labuda Jr., Andrew Propps)
    • Claims Agent: Prime Clerk LLC (*click on company name above for free docket access)
  • Other Parties in Interest:
    • Ad Hoc Secured Lender Committee (Och Ziff, Goldman Sachs International, Makuria Investment Management (UK) LLP, T. Rowe Price)
      • Legal: Kirkland & Ellis LLP (Kon Asimacopolous, Stephen Hessler, Anthony Grossi, Hannah Crawford)
    • Ad Hoc Committee of Holders of High Yield Bonds (Alden Global Capital, Attestor Capital LLP, Boussard & Gavaudan Asset Management LP, Contrarian Capital Management LLC, Aurelius Capital Management LP, Third Point LLC)
      • Legal: Wilkie Farr & Gallager LLP (John Longmire, Weston Eguchi)
    • Indenture Trustee for Senior Noteholders: Bank of New York Mellon
      • Legal: Hogan Lovells US LLP (Christopher Donoho, John Beck)

Updated 7/11/17 6:41 CT

Out-of-Court Restructuring - Iracore International

Iracore International

  • 4/17/17 Recap: Private equity-owned Iracore was able to consummate an out-of-court deal whereby its noteholders obtained substantially all of the equity in the company. The company, a Minnesota-based supplier of pipe and wear materials utilized in oil sands and mining applications, had $125mm of debt stemming from an LBO. 
  • Capital Structure: $20mm RCF, $125mm '18 9.5% notes   
  • Company Professionals:
    • Legal: Willkie Farr & Gallagher LLP
    • Investment Banker: Jefferies LLC

New Chapter 11 & CCAA Filing - SquareTwo Financial Services Corporation

SquareTwo Financial Services Corporation

  • 3/19/17 Recap: Colorado-based privately held acquirer, manager, and collector of charged-off U.S. and Canadian consumer and commercial accounts-receivable filed a prepackaged plan of reorganization seeking to split the company into an acquired-co and "wind down co", with Resurgent Holdings LLC putting in approximately $264mm of new money in exchange for 100% equity in the acquired co. This is on the heels of a prior recapitalization that provided for the exchange of second lien notes for a 1.5 Lien Term Loan & preferred stock (enter Apollo and KKR here). Under the proposed plan of reorganization, the lenders holding claims under the first lien credit facilities will get paid in full; the holders of claims under the 1.5 Lien Term Loan will get a pro rata share of remaining cash; Resurgent will own the remaining business (with the rest liquidated); and the remaining creditors - including the second lien holdouts and the Pennsylvania Public School Employees' Retirement System (?!?!) - will get a big fat donut. Because who gives a sh*t about public school teachers anyway: what have they ever done for folks who work at Apollo and KKR?
  • Jurisdiction: S.D. of New York
  • Capital Structure: $60mm first lien RCF ($41mm out) & $105mm first lien Term Loan (Cerberus Business Finance LLC), $15mm 1.25 Lien Term Loan (plus $1.3mm interest) & $176.1 mm 1.5 Lien Term Loan (plus $15.4mm interest) (Cortland Capital Market Services LLC), $1.9 mm second lien notes (unexchanged in prior recapitalization)(U.S. Bank National Association)    
  • Company Professionals:
    • Legal: Willkie Farr & Gallagher LLP (Matthew Feldman, Paul Shalhoub, Robin Spigel, Debra McElligott, Gabriel Brunswick) & (Canadian counsel) Thornton Grout Finnigan LLP (D.J. Miller, Leanne Williams, Asim Iqbal, Mitch Grossell)
    • Financial Advisor: AlixPartners LLC (Mark Thorson)
    • Investment Banker(s): Keefe Bruyette & Woods Inc. & Miller Buckfire & Co. (John McKenna)
    • Claims Agent: Prime Clerk LLC (*click on company name for docket)
  • Other Parties in Interest:
    • Prepetition Agent & DIP Agent: Cerberus Business Finance LLC
      • Legal: Schulte Roth & Zabel LLP (Frederic Ragucci, Adam Harris)
    • Ad Hoc Group of 1.25 lien and 1.5 lien Lenders (Apollo Capital Management LP, KKR Credit Advisors LLC)
      • Legal: Paul Weiss Rifkind Wharton & Garrison LLP (Alan Kornberg, Elizabeth McColm, Michael Turkel)
    • Prepetition 1.25 Lien and 1.5 Lien Agent: Cortland Capital Market Services LLC
      • Legal: Holland & Knight LLP (Barbra Parlin, Joshua Spencer)
    • U.S. Bank National Association
      • Legal: Dorsey & Whitney LLP (Eric Lopez Schnabel, Alessandra Glorioso) & (local) Maslon LLP (Clark T. Whitmore)
    • Preferred Stock Holders: Apollo Investment Corporation & KKR Financial CLO 2007-1 Ltd.
    • Majority Common Stock Holders: Norwest Mezzanine Partners II LP & Pennsylvania Public School Employees' Retirement System
    • New Money Investor: Resurgent Holdings LLC
      • Legal: Foley & Lardner LLP (Patricia Lane, Michael Small, Benjamin Rikkers, Jack Haake)
    • Official Committee of Unsecured Creditors
      • Legal: Arent Fox LLP (Robert Hirsh, George Angelich, Jordana Renert)
      • Financial Advisor: Gavin/Solmonese LLC (Ted Gavin)

Updated 5/31/17

New Filing - Illinois Power Generating Company

Illinois Power Generating Company

  • 12/9/16 Recap: Wholly-owned subsidiary of Dynegy Inc. files for Chapter 11 to effectuate a prepackaged plan of reorganization that has significant support from noteholders - just not enough support to avoid a filing. Top unsecured creditors include a who's who of recent restructuring favorites like Peabody Energy and Arch Coal.  
  • Jurisdiction: S.D. of Texas
  • Capital Structure: $825mm of total funded debt. $300mm '18 7% senior notes, $250mm '20 6.3% senior notes, $275mm '32 7.95% senior notes     
  • Company Professionals:
    • Legal: Latham & Watkins LLP (D.J. Baker, Caroline Reckler, Kim Posin, Josef Athanas, Jeffrey Mispagel) & (local) Andrews Kurth Kenyon LLP (Robin Russell, Timothy A. Davidson, Joseph Buoni, Ashley Harper)
    • Financial Advisor: Ducera Partners LLC (Derron Slonecker, Mark Davis, Adrian Reiter) & Waterloo Capital Management Inc. (Jeff Hunter)
    • Claims Agent: Epiq Bankruptcy Solutions LLC (*click on company name for docket)
  • Other Parties in Interest:
    • Ad Hoc Group of Consenting Noteholders (Caspian Capital LP, Farmstead Capital Management LLC, Lord Abbett & Co. LLC, Pacific Investment Management Company LLC, Venor Capital Management)
      • Legal: Willkie Farr & Gallagher LLP (Jennifer Hardy, Joseph Minias, Weston Eguchi)
    • Parent Company: Dynegy Inc.
      • Legal: White & Case LLP (Thomas Lauria, Matthew Brown)

Updated 3/26/17

New Filing - DACCO Transmission Parts (Transtar Holding Company)

DACCO Transmission Parts (Transtar Holding Company)

  • 11/20/16 Recap: Ohio-based global supplier of products related to transmissions and drivetrains files for Chapter 11 to effectuate a prepackaged case handing the company over to the first lien lenders. The cases will be funded by Silver Point Finance LLC as DIP lender ($55mm).
  • Jurisdiction: S.D. of New York
  • Capital Structure: $376.6mm first lien TL (RBC), $48mm RCF (RBC), $170mm second lien TL (Cortland Capital Markets)     
  • Company Professionals:
    • Replacement Legal: Jones Day LLP (Scott Greenberg, Carl E. Black, Daniel Merrett, Stacey Corr-Irvine)
    • Original Legal: Willkie Farr (Rachel Strickland, Christopher Koenig, Jennifer Hardy, Debra McElligott)
    • Financial Advisor: FTI Consulting LLC (Daniel Hugo, Dewey Imhoff, Stuart Gleichenhaus, Joe Lu, Carl Jones, Scott Hoffman, Luke McCrory, Patrick Rauh)
    • Investment Banker: Ducera Partners LLC (Agnes Tang)
    • Lease Consultant: Hilco Real Estate LLC (Ryan Lawlor)
    • Claims Agent: Prime Clerk LLC (*click on company name for docket)
  • Other Parties in Interest:
    • RBC
      • Legal: Paul Hastings LLP (Randal Palach, Alexander Bongartz)
    • Ad Hoc Committee of Second Lien Lenders
      • Legal: Latham & Watkins LLP (Richard Levy, Matthew Warren)
    • Silver Point Capital (as DIP Lender)
      • Legal: Chapman & Cutler LLP (Steven Wilanowsky, Aaron Krieger)
    • Friedman Fleisher & Lowe LLC (as Sponsor)
      • Legal: Young Conaway (Michael Nestor)
    • Examiner
      • Legal: Jenner & Block LLP (Richard Levin)
    • Octagon Credit Investors LLC and Invesco Ltd.
      • Legal: King & Spalding LLP (Michael Rupe, Jeffrey Pawlitz)

Updated 3/30/17

New Chapter 15 Filing - Tervita Corporation

Tervita Corporation

New Filing - IMX Acquisition Corp. (Implant Services Corp.)

IMX Acquisition Corp. (Implant Services Corp.)

  • 10/10/16 Recap: L-3 Communications is stalking horse bidder in $117.5mm sale (plus assumed debt) of previously publicly-traded explosives trace detection business.  
  • Jurisdiction: D. of Delaware
  • Capital Structure: $84mm funded secured debt b/t Term Notes ($61.6mm) & Revolver Note ($22.5m)    
  • Company Professionals:
  • Other Parties in Interest:

Updated 12/30/16