🚽New Chapter 11 Bankruptcy Filing - Orchids Paper Products Company🚽

Orchids Paper Products Company

April 1, 2019

We first wrote about Orchids Paper Products Company ($TIS) back in November 2018 in “🚽More Trouble in Paper-Ville (Short A$$-Wipes)🚽.” It is a piece worth revisiting because it sums up the situation rather nicely. We wrote:

Orchids Paper Products Company ($TIS) is a Okahoma-based producer of bulk tissue paper which is later converted into finished products like paper towels, toilet paper and paper napkins; it sells its products for use in the “at home” market under private label to dollar stores, discount retailers and grocery stores. Its largest customers include the likes of Dollar General Corp. ($DG)Walmart Inc. ($WMT) and Family Dollar/Dollar Tree, which, combined, account for over 60% of the company’s sales. Given the rise of the dollar stores and discount retailers and the rise in private label generally, you’d think that this company would be killing it. Spoiler alert: it’s not. In fact, it is, by definition, insolvent.

And:

This company doesn’t produce enough toilet paper to wipe away this sh*tfest. See you in bankruptcy court.

And that’s precisely where they (and affiliates) are now — in the District of Delaware.

And the story hasn’t really changed: the debtors still struggle from operational issues related to their facilities, too much competition (causing margin compression and loss of pricing power), rising input costs, and customer defections. To make matters worse, given the debtors’ deteriorating financial position, raw materials suppliers reduced credit terms given the debtors’ public reporting of its troubles. Consequently, virtually all of the debtors’ financial metrics got smoked. Gross profit? Smoked. Cash flow? Smoked. Net income? Smoooooooked.

Speaking of “smooooooked,” the company twice notes its termination of their investment banker, Guggenheim Securities. Bankers get replaced all of the time: not entirely sure why they felt the need to make such an issue of it here. That said, Guggenheim apparently marketed the company for months without finding a prospective buyer that would clear the debt. The company, therefore, hired Houlihan Lokey ($HL) to market the company. The result? They couldn’t find a buyer that would clear the debt. Nothing like paying a new banker AND presumably paying some sort of tail to your old banker just to end up with your pre-petition secured lender as your stalking horse bidder (and DIP lender)! Sheesh.

As we said, “[t]his company doesn’t produce enough toilet paper to wipe away this sh*tfest.”

  • Jurisdiction: (Judge Walrath)

  • Capital Structure: $187.3mm RCF/TL (Ankura Trust Company, L.L.C.), $11.1mm New Market Tax Loan

  • Professionals:

    • Legal: Polsinelli PC (Christopher Ward, Shanti Katona, Jerry Switzer Jr.)

    • Board of Directors: Steven Berlin, John Guttilla, Douglas Hailey, Elaine MacDonald, Mark Ravich, Jeffrey Schoen

    • Financial Advisor: Deloitte Transactions and Business Analytics LLP (Richard Infantino)

    • Investment Banker: Houlihan Lokey Capital Inc.

    • Claims Agent: Prime Clerk LLC (*click on the link above for free docket access)

  • Other Parties in Interest:

    • Large Equityholder: BML Investment Partners LP

    • Prepetition RCF Admin Agent: Ankura Trust Company

    • DIP Admin Agent: Black Diamond Commercial Finance LLC

    • DIP Lender: Orchids Investment LLC

      • Legal: Winston & Strawn LLP (Daniel McGuire) & (local) Fox Rothschild LLP (Seth Niederman)

Updated 4/1 1:42 CT

⛽️New Chapter 11 Bankruptcy Filing - Fairway Energy LP⛽️

Fairway Energy LP

November 26, 2018

Belligerent week for companies attached to the oil and gas space (see also Waypoint Leasing). Here, Houston-based Fairway Energy LP, which, interestingly (and somewhat oddly), is 28%-owned by the President and Fellows of Harvard College (🤔), is a storage provider for third-party companies engaged in the production, distribution and marketing of crude oil; it is also now in bankruptcy down in the District of Delaware.

Specifically, the company provides undersurface salt cavern storage, storage that has been utilized since the 40s because of its “extremely low risk of leakage through self-sealing under cavern operating pressures.” The company began construction on its 10-million barrel underground storage facility (the “Facility”) in 2015 (rough timing); yet, it has exclusive rights to store in the facility and has otherwise secured the necessary leases to operate in its geographic location. It is also connected to customers via owned and third-party pipeline systems, which enable to the company to take inbound capacity from the (hot) Permian Basin, the Eagle Ford Shale Basin, and Canada/Midcontinent. The pipelines also connect to hubs that connect to “downstream” infrastructure, i.e., refiners, etc.

To get off the ground, the company had a $390mm equity infusion and $80mm in term loans from Riverstone Credit Partners LP. The company has been operating off of credit agreement amendments now for months, however, given operational and market issues that impeded their use of the Facility and hampered liquidity. Per the company:

For the nine (9) months ended September 30, 2018, Fairway had an operating loss of $38,600,000 (before interest, expense, and other income). Fairway’s financial performance has been negatively affected by (i) reduced and delayed demand for its services, (ii) cost overruns on the Facility, (iii) commercial restrictions on accessing the Facility by existing pipeline connections, and (iv) general market conditions that undermine the demand for crude oil storage.

In other words, a perfect storm posing all sorts of headwinds. These winds, it seems, chilled any potential buyer interest in the Facility: pre-petition efforts to find a buyer, including a stalking horse buyer, proved futile. It seems all of the hopeful and flowery language deployed by the company’s professionals in the First Day Declaration about the usefulness of the Facility isn’t a sentiment shared by any prospective purchasers. Was this whole project a solution in search of a problem? Via the bankruptcy sale process, we’ll soon find out. So, will Riverstone (which is also providing a $20mm DIP credit facility) and the writers of the $390mm of equity checks (read: Harvard).

  • Jurisdiction: D. of Delaware

  • Capital Structure: $94mm debt     

  • Company Professionals:

    • Legal: Haynes and Boone LLP (Patrick Hughes, Martha Wyrick, Kelsey Zottnick) & (local) Young Conaway Stargatt & Taylor LLP (Edmon Morton, Kenneth Enos, Elizabeth Justison)

    • Financial Advisor: Alvarez & Marsal North America LLC (Gary Barton, Kevin Larin)

    • Investment Banker: Piper Jaffray & Co./Simmons & Company International

    • Claims Agent: Prime Clerk LLC (*click on company name above for free docket access)

  • Other Parties in Interest:

    • Administrative Agent under Secured Term Loan Credit Agreement & DIP Lender/Agent: Riverstone Credit Partners LP

      • Legal: White & Case LLP (David Turetsky, Andrew Zatz) & (local) Fox Rothschild LLP (Jeffrey Schlerf)

New Chapter 11 Filing - Gibson Brands Inc.

Gibson Brands Inc.

5/1/18

After months of speculation (which we have covered here and elsewhere), the famed Nashville-based guitar manufacturer has finally filed for Chapter 11. We're old enough to remember this:

Late Tuesday, GIbson Brands CEO Henry Juszkiewicz denied all of the reports and indicated via press release that a plan was underway to salvage the brand.

What Mr. Juszkiewicz didn't say was that "a plan" actually meant a "plan of reorganization." Which is okay: nobody believed him anyway. 

And here's why: in the company's First Day Declaration, the company proudly boasts,

The Debtors' strength, rooted in their iconic Gibson, Epiphone, KRK, and other brands that have shaped the music industry for over 100 years, have been the brands of choice for countless musicians and recording artists, including some of the most legendary guitarists in history such as Muddy Waters, BB King, Elvis Presley, Pete Townsend, Keith Richards, Duane Allman, Elvis Costello, Lenny Kravitz, Slash, Dave Grohl, Joe Bonamassa, and Brad Paisley, among others. 

Anyone else see an issue with this lineup? Legends, sure, but not exactly a group of artists you see listed on Coachella posters. Even in a publicly-available document, this company doesn't know how to market itself to the masses. Case and point, after Guitar Center got its out-of-court deal done last week, we wrote the following:

Gibson may want to embrace the present. But we digress. 

Unbeknownst to many, however, Gibson is more than just its legendary guitars. No doubt, guitars are a big part of its business. According to the company's First Day Declaration (which, for the record, is one of the more jumbled incoherent narratives we've seen in a First Day Declaration in some time), 

Gibson has the top market share in premium electric guitars, selling over 170,000 guitars annually in over eighty (80) countries worldwide and selling over 40% of all electric guitars priced above $2,000.

But the company also expanded to include a "Professional Audio" segment, its musical instrument and pro-audio segment ("MI," which is positive cash flow), and a "Gibson Innovations" business ("GI"), which stems from a 2014 leveraged transaction. The latter business has been a drag on the overall enterprise ever since the transaction eventually leading to breaches of certain financial covenants under the company's senior secured bank debt financing agreements. The company was forced to pay down the debt to the tune of $60 million since the Fall of 2017, a cash drain which severely accentuated liquidity issues within that business. It came to this brutal reality: 

...the GI Business became trapped in a vicious cycle in which it lacked the liquidity to buy inventory and drive sales while at the same time it lacked the liquidity to rationalize its workforce to match its diminished operations.

That's rough. Even rougher is that on April 30, 2018, the GI business initiated formal liquidation proceedings under the laws of at least 8 different countries. Looks like Mr. Juszkiewicz' previous expansion "plan" was an utter disaster. 

⚡️Warning: Geeky stuff to follow ⚡️:

Now, the company is left with restructuring around the EBITDA- positive MI business with the hope of maximizing recovery for stakeholders. The holders of 69% of the principal amount of notes (PETITION NOTE: for the uninitiated, this satisfies the 2/3 in amount requirement of the bankruptcy code; unknown whether they satisfy the second prong of 1/2 in number) have entered into a Restructuring Support Agreement which would effectively equitize the notes and transfer ownership of MI to the noteholders. The company has also entered into a $135 DIP credit facility backstopped by an ad hoc group of noteholders to finance the company's trip through bankruptcy (the mechanic of which effectively rolls up some of the prepetition debt into the postpetition facility, giving the noteholders higher distribution priority). 

The RSA envisions a transaction whereby the company will exit bankruptcy with an untapped asset-backed lending facility and enough exit financing to pay off the DIP facility. So, the noteholders will collect some nice fees for about 9 months. The lenders under the DIP facility will have the option to cover the DIP monies into equity in the reorganized company at a 20% discount to the plan's valuation. 

⚡️Geeky Stuff Over. Now Back to Regularly Scheduled Snark ⚡️:

Naturally, current management has somehow convinced the new owners, i.e., the funds converting their notes into equity, that they're so invaluable that they should receive millions in "transition"-based compensation and warrants for upside preservation. Makes total sense. David Berryman, who runs Epiphone, will get a one year employment agreement paying $3.35 million, 5 year-warrants, and health benefits; Mr. Juszciewicz will get a one year "consulting agreement" paying $2.1 million, 5 year-warrants and health benefits (plus other profit-sharing incentives). It sure pays to run a company into bankruptcy these days. Naturally, they'll also get releases from any liability. Because, you know, bankruptcy!!

One final note: Thomas Lauria and White & Case LLP are listed as the 22nd highest creditor. Popping popcorn. 

  • Jurisdiction: D. of Delaware 
  • Capital Structure: $17.5 million ABL (Bank of America NA)/ $77.4 million Term Loan (GSO Capital Solutions Fund II AIV-I LP), $375 million '18 8.875% senior secured notes (Wilmington Trust NA), $60 million ITLA loan (GI Business only)
  • Company Professionals:
    • Legal: Goodwin Proctor LLP (Michael H. Goldstein, Gregory W. Fox, Barry Z. Bazian) & (local) Pepper Hamilton LLP (David Stratton, David Fournier, Michael Custer, Marcy McLaughlin)
    • Financial Advisor/CRO: Alvarez & Marsal North America LLC (Brian Fox) 
    • Investment Banker: Jefferies LLC (Jeffrey Finger)
    • Independent Directors: Alan Carr & Sol Picciotto
    • Claims Agent: Prime Clerk LLC (*click on company name above for free docket access)
  • Other Parties in Interest:
    • DIP Agent: Cortland Capital Market Services LLC
      • Legal: Arnold & Porter Kaye Scholer (D. Tyler Nurnberg, Steven Fruchter, Sarah Gryll) & (local) Young Conaway (same four names as below)
    • Prepetition ABL Agent: Bank of America NA
      • Legal: Winston & Strawn LLP (Jason Bennett, Christina Wheaton)
    • Indenture Trustee: Wilmington Trust NA
      • Legal: Shipman & Goodwin LLP (Marie Hofsdal, Patrick Sibley, Seth Lieberman, Eric Monzo)
    • Ad Hoc Group of Noteholders
      • Legal: Paul Weiss Rifkind Wharton & Garrison LLP (Brian Hermann, Robert Britton, Adam Denhoff, Kellie Cairns) & (local) Young Conaway Stargatt & Taylor LLP (Pauline Morgan, Sean Greecher, Andrew Magaziner, Betsy Feldman)
    • Ad Hoc Minority Noteholders Committee (Lord Abbett & Co. LLC, Wilks Brothers LLC)
      • Legal: Brown Rudnick LLP (Robert Stark, Steven Levine, Brian Rice) & (local) Ashby & Geddes PA (William Bowden)
    • Equity Holder: GSO Capital Partners LP
      • Legal: White & Case LLP (J. Christopher Shore, Andrew Zatz, Richard Kebrdle) & (local) Fox Rothschild LLP (Jeffrey Schlerf, Carl Neff, Margaret Manning)

Updated 5/2 5:12 pm CT

New Chapter 11 - Remington Outdoor Company

Remington Outdoor Company

3/25/18

Remington Outdoor Company, a gun manufacturer, has finally filed for bankruptcy - a day after Americans took to the streets to #MarchforourLives. Ah, bankruptcy irony. The company's operations are truly national in scope; it has manufacturing facilities in New York and Alabama and a primary ammunition plant in Arkansas. Its "principal customers are various mass market retail chains (e.g., Wal-Mart and Dick's Sporting Goods) and specialty retail stores (e.g., Bass Pro Shops and Cabela's) and wholesale distributors (e.g., Sports South)." Guns! #MAGA!!

Why did the company have to file for bankruptcy? We refer you to our mock "First Day Declaration" from February here. Much of it continues to apply. Indeed, our mockery of the change in tone from President Obama to President Trump was spot on: post Trump's election, the company's inventory supply far exceeded demand. The (fictional) threat of the government going house-to-house to collect guns is a major stimulant to demand, apparently. Here is the change in financial performance,

"At the conclusion of 2017, the Debtors had realized approximately $603.4 million in sales and an adjusted EBITDA of $33.6 million. In comparison, in 2015 and 2016, the Debtors had achieved approximately $808.9 million and $865.1 million in sales and $64 million and $119.8 million in adjusted EBITDA, respectively."

Thanks Trump. 

We'd be remiss, however, if we didn't also note that NOWHERE in the company's bankruptcy filings does it mention the backlash against guns or the company's involvement in shootings...namely, the one that occurred in Las Vegas. 

The company, therefore, negotiated with its various lenders and arrived at a restructuring support agreement. The agreement provides for debtor-in-possession credit ($193mm asset-backed DIP + $100mm term loan DIP + $45mm DIP, the latter of which is a roll-up of a bridge loan provided by lenders prior to the filing). Upon the effective date of a plan of reorganization, the third lien lenders and term lenders will own the reorganized company. 

  • Jurisdiction: D. of Delaware 
  • Capital Structure: $225mm ABL (Bank of America, $114.5mm funded), $550.5mm term loan (Ankura Trust Company LLC), $226mm 7.875% Senior Secured Notes due 2020 (Wilmington Trust NA), $12.5mm secured Huntsville Note     
  • Company Professionals:
    • Legal: Milbank Tweed Hadley & McCloy LLP (Gregory Bray, Tyson Lomazow, Thomas Kreller, Haig Maghakian) & (local) Pachulski Stang Ziehl & Jones LLP (Laura Davis Jones, Timothy Cairns, Joseph Mulvihill)
    • Financial Advisor: Alvarez & Marsal LLC (Joseph Sciametta)
    • Investment Banker: Lazard (Ari Lefkovits)
    • Claims Agent: Prime Clerk LLC (*click on company name above for free docket access)
  • Other Parties in Interest:
    • DIP ABL Agent ($193mm): Bank of America NA (DIP ABL Lenders: Bank of America NA, Wells Fargo Bank NA, Regions Bank, Branch Banking and Trust Company, Synovus Bank, Fifth Third Bank, Deutsche Bank AG New York Branch)
      • Legal: Skadden Arps Slate Meagher & Flom LLP (Paul Leake, Shana Elberg, Jason Liberi, Cameron Fee)
    • Admin Agent to the DIP TL: Ankura Trust Company LLC
      • Legal: Davis Polk & Wardwell LLP (Damian Schaible, Darren Klein, Michele McGreal, Dylan Consla) & (local) Richards Layton & Finger LLP (Mark Collins, Michael Merchant, Joseph Barsalona)
    • Ad Hoc Group of TL Lenders 
      • Legal: O'Melveny & Myers LLP (John Rapisardi, Andrew Parlen, Joseph Zujkowski, Amalia Sax-Bolder) & (local) Richards Layton & Finger LLP (Mark Collins, Michael Merchant, Joseph Barsalona)
    • Third Lien Noteholders
      • Legal: Willkie Farr & Gallagher LLP (Rachel Strickland, Joseph Minias, Debra McElligott) & (local) Young Conaway Stargatt & Taylor LLP (Edmon Morton, Allison Mielke)
    • Wells Fargo Bank NA
      • Legal: Otterbourg PC (Andrew Kramer)
    • Cerberus Operations and Advisory Company, LLC
      • Legal: Schulte Roth & Zabel LLP (David Hillman)
    • Reorganized Board of Directors (Anthony Acitelli, Chris Brady, George W. Wurtz III, G.M. McCarroll, Gene Davis, Ron Coburn, Ken D'Arcy)
  • Official Committee of Unsecured Creditors
    • Legal: Fox Rothschild LLP (Michael Menkowitz, Paul Labov, Jason Manfrey, Jesse Harris, Seth Niederman)

Updated: 4/27/18

New Chapter 11 Filing - KIKO USA Inc.

KIKO USA Inc.

  • 1/11/18 Recap: Cosmetics retailer files for bankruptcy and simultaneously busts the narrative that cosmetics are safe in the age of Amazon, Sephora and Ulta Beauty - not to mention a long list of direct-to-consumer e-commerce players. Or does it? Here, the cosmetics retailer with retail stores, an e-commerce channel, and an Amazon.com presence filed for bankruptcy because “its retail sales have not been sufficient to cover its costs, which consist primarily of rent and labor.” In other words, you might as well stop reading because you’ve read this story dozens of times in the last 12 months. Of 29 domestic locations (26 in malls), the company intends to close 24 stores in bankruptcy after failing to negotiate concessions from landlords prior to the filing. It doesn’t own any of its locations (a recurring problem). Remaining locations will be those in big cities: New York, Miami, Las Vegas, Sunrise Florida, and Los Angeles. Tiger Capital Group has been hired to dispose of assets. The go-forward plan is also, frankly, fairly unoriginal. It includes re-focusing on product assortment and targeted in-demand product, (ii) realigning distribution via a focus on the five remaining locations and, seemingly, kiosks (or the like) within third-party retailers, (iii) enhancing the customer experience with better staff/training, (iv) organizational changes, (v) targeting marketing (cha ching, Facebook!), and growing the commerce and Amazon Prime offering (cha ching Amazon). In summary, KIKO S.p.A., the corporate overlord loses its equity but for its DIP loan and Facebook and Amazon benefit. What else is new?
  • Jurisdiction: D. of Delaware (Judge Walrath)    
  • Company Professionals:
    • Legal: Perkins Coie LLP (John Kaplan, Jeffrey Vanacore, Deborah Kennedy) & (local) Saul Ewing Arnstein & Lehr (Mark Minuti, Monique Bair DiSabatino, Sharon Levine)
    • Financial Advisor: Getzler Henrich & Associates LLC (Mark Samson)
    • Claims Agent: BMC Group (*click on company name above for free docket access)
  • Other Parties in Interest:
    • KIKO S.p.A.
      • Legal: White & Case LLP (John Cunningham, Fan He, Robbie Boone Jr.) & (local) Fox Rothschild LLP (Jeffrey Schlerf, Carl Neff)

New Chapter 11 Bankruptcy - B. Lane Inc. (d/b/a Fashion to Figure)

Fashion to Figure (@FTFSnaps)

  • 11/13/17 Recap: Another retailer finds its way to bankruptcy. Here, the New York-based plus-size women's specialty retailer with 26-mall-and-outlet-center-based locations has filed for bankruptcy in New Jersey. The company appears to be suffocating under the weight of its brick and mortar locations but purports to have successful e-commerce and wholesale channels. It intends to pursue a sale of all of its assets "to be consummated as soon as possible given the upcoming critical holiday shopping season commencing on 'Black Friday'...." Wait, huh? The company is filing NOW to get out AHEAD of Black Friday? No wonder this company is bankrupt. Of course, the company is also considering vacating locations and "expeditiously conducting going out of business" sales. To this end, the company has filed a bid procedures motion with a joint venture of liquidators, SB Capital Group LLC and 360 Merchant Solutions LLC, lined up as stalking horse bidder for the assets; it also intends to continue to pursue a sale to "one of the largest department store chains in the United States," which apparently expressed some interest pre-petition. Meanwhile, no background on a bankrupt retailer is complete without some private equity shop getting thrown under the bus. Here, the company states (without overtly identifying the PE fund for whatever reason), "In 2012, prompted by a [$15mm] private equity investment, the Company embarked on a rapid expansion of the business. The expansion, however, proved ill-fated and ill-timed, coming at a time when traditional brick and mortar retail was on the decline. Specifically, the Company over-expanded into the shopping mall retail space at a time when market trends were shifting away from traditional brick and mortar stores and towards online retail." Ah, private equity. Speaking of private equity, a fund affiliated with Perella Weinberg Partners is listed as the primary equityholder with a 20.5% position. Curious. Otherwise, it looks like a slate of "friends and family" type investors got burned here. Speaking of getting burned, the list of top creditors reflects a who's who of landlords that the distressed world has become accustomed to seeing at the top of the "Top 30 Creditors" list: Washington Prime Group Inc. ($WPG)(listed once), Westfield Corp. ($WFD)(twice), Simon Property Group Inc. ($SPG)(six times), and Macerich Co. ($MAC)(listed twice). Nothing to see here.
  • Jurisdiction: D. of New Jersey (Judge Sherwood)
  • Capital Structure: $1.0mm secured debt (ACM Capital Fund I LP), $250k (Cowen Overseas Investment LP)
  • Company Professionals:
    • Legal: Lowenstein Sandler LLP (Kenneth Rosen, Bruce Buechler, Philip Gross, Keara Waldron, Michael Papandrea)
    • Prepetition Investment Banker: Cowen and Company LLC
    • Claims Agent: Prime Clerk LLC (*click on the company name above for free docket access)
    • Other Parties in Interest:
      • ACM Capital Partners LLC
        • Legal: Shraiberg Landua & Page (Bradley Shraiberg)
      • Official Committee of Unsecured Creditors
        • Legal: Hahn & Hessen LLP (Mark Powers, Alison Ladd) & (local) Fox Rothschild LLP (Richard Meth, Paul Labov)
        • Financial Advisor: EisnerAmpner LLP (Edward Phillips)

Updated 5/5/18

New Chapter 11 Filing - Beaulieu Group LLC

Beaulieu Group LLC

  • 7/17/17 Recap: Georgia-based carpet manufacturer filed for bankruptcy as consumers increasingly prefer hardwood flooring over carpets that remind them of a convalescent center. Consequently, the $10b market has gotten increasingly competitive and price compression is the result: the company's revenues have declined nearly 50% from $1b in 2007 to approximately $525mm in 2016. Recognizing these trends, the company commenced an operational restructuring in 2016 but with sustained overhead and a bloated cost structure, the company needs to do more. Its borrowing base, however, has decreased and the company, therefore, has run out of liquidity to continue pursuing its efforts. The company has arranged a $70mm DIP facility to facilitate a restructuring - the form of which is unspecified. 
  • Jurisdiction: ND of Georgia 
  • Capital Structure: $51.7mm RCF (Bank of America NA), $15.8mm TL (Cygnets LLC), $6mm third lien loan (CT Lender LLC) 
  • Company Professionals:
    • Legal: Scroggins & Williamson PC (Robert Williamson, Ashley Reynolds Ray, Matthew Levin)
    • Financial Advisor: Armory Strategic Partners LLC (Scott Avila)
    • Investment Banker: Coveview Advisors LLC and Advisory Group Equity Services Ltd. (Thomas Canning)
    • Claims Agent: American Legal Claim Services LLC 
  • Other Parties in Interest:
    • Prepetition & DIP Agent: Bank of America NA
      • Legal: Parker Hudson Rainer & Dobbs LLP (C. Edward Dobbs, James Rankin Jr.)
    • Official Committee of Unsecured Creditors
      • Legal: Fox Rothschild LLP (Michael Menkowitz, Paul Labov, Jason Manfrey, Marie Dooley) & (local) Thompson Hine LLP (John Isbell, Garrett Nail, John Allerding, Douglas Walters)
      • Financial Advisor: Phoenix Management Services LLC (Michael Jacoby, Bayard Hollingsworth, Pat Bellot)

Updated 9/21/17

New Chapter 11 Filing - EB Holdings II Inc. (Eco-Bat)

EB Holdings II Inc.

  • 5/18/17 Recap: When you fail to repay nearly 1.8 billion Euro on a (PIK) note, you risk getting yo' a$$ involuntaried into bankruptcy court. Which is exactly the game of chicken that EB Holdings II Inc., the parent to lead recycling behemoth Eco-Bat, played with some irritated and aggressive hedge funds like GoldenTree Asset Management and Fortress Investment Group (see list below). The company, though, is of the view that this is all just a charade to avoid discovery in a state court trial to come. Apparently, there have been a variety of lawsuits and countersuits since Summer 2016 including some sexy allegations that sound a whole lot like fraud. So, the PIK lenders filed the involuntary petition to ensure that the company acts as a fiduciary to its creditors and get the benefit of court oversight over a principal they think is shady AF. 
  • Jurisdiction: D. of Nevada
  • Capital Structure: 1.8b EUR PIK debt (GLAS USA LLC)    
  • Company Professionals:
    • Legal: Garman Turner Gordon (Gregory Garman, Talitha Kozlowski, Gabrielle Hamm)
  • Other Parties in Interest:
    • Ad Hoc PIK Lender Group (GoldenTree Asset Management LP, Alcentra Limited, Fortress Investment Group/Mount Kellett Capital Management, HIG Capital International Advisors LLP/Bayside Capital, Sound Point Capital Management LP, Varde Partners Europe LImited)
      • Legal: Kirkland & Ellis LLP (James Sprayragen, Paul Basta, David Zott, William Guerrieri) & (local) Fox Rothschild LLP (Brett Axelrod)
    • GLAS USA LLC
      • Legal: Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale & Dorr LLP (Andrew Goldman, Michael Guipoone, Benjamin Loveland, Charles Platt)

Updated 5/19/17

New Chapter 11 Filing - rue21 Inc.

rue21 Inc.

  • 5/15/17 Recap: Pennsylvania-based specialty fashion retailer (owned by private equity shop Apax Partners LP) with 1184 brick-and-mortar locations (pre recent closing initiative) in various strip centers, regional malls and outlet centers filed for bankruptcy to (i) further revamp its e-commerce strategy, (ii) improve the in-store experience, (iii) right-size the store footprint and lease portfolio, (iv) de-lever its capital structure, and (v) effectuate a long-term business plan under its relatively new management. The numbers here are interesting: the company had a negative EBITDA swing of approximately $51mm from 2015 to 2016 - despite rising sales. The company's girls' division got decimated due to "an evolution of customer tastes." Wow! Who knew that teenage girls have fickle fashion tastes? These merchandising issues combined with (a) supply chain issues (heightened - in a self-fulfilling kind of way - by all of the rumors surrounding the company's bankruptcy), (b) "the shift away from brick-and-mortar retail sales to online channels," AND (c) a "not as robust" e-commerce presence relative to competitors, to put the company in a tough spot. A digression: we have previously noted David Simon's comments on the Simon Properties Group (SPG) earnings call from 4/27/17 that SPG is NOT experiencing a decline in traffic - though he offered absolutely ZERO data to back that up. According to SPG's own website, there are currently 90 rue21 locations in SPG properties (which translates to nearly 8%): we're curious to see whether any of these 90 locations will be featured in store closing motions coming soon to a bankruptcy court near you; indeed, in the first instance, it appears that some already are). The company is proposing a deal whereby the Term Lenders will effectively own the majority of the company post-bankruptcy after rolling-up a $100 DIP credit facility (applied in addition to $50mm of new money to be rolled into an exit facility). They've been so kind so as to give general unsecured creditors (read: the little guys) a 4% equity kiss - but only if they vote to accept the plan. Otherwise, the "death trap" door opens and general unsecured creditors end up with nada. We're sure a creditors' committee will have something to say about that. 
  • Jurisdiction: W.D. of Pennsylvania
  • Capital Structure: $150mm RCF ($78mm funded)(Bank of America), $521mm '20 TLB (Wilmington Savings Fund Society as successor to JPMorgan Chase Bank NA), $239mm '21 9% unsecured bonds (Wells Fargo Bank NA).    
  • Company Professionals:
    • Legal: Kirkland & Ellis LLP (Jonathan Henes, Nicole Greenblatt, Robert Britton, George Klidonas) & (local counsel) Reed Smith LLP (Eric Schaffer, Jared Roach)
    • Financial Advisor: Berkeley Research Group LLC (Stephen Coulombe, Kyle Richter, Patrick Farley)
    • Investment Banker: Rothschild Inc. (Neil Augustine, Jonathan Brownstein)
    • Real Estate Advisor: A&G Realty Partners LLC
    • Liquidator: Gordon Brothers Retail Partners LLC
      • Legal: Greenberg Traurig LLP (Nancy Peterman)
    • Claims Agent: KCC (*click on company name for access to the free docket)
  • Other Parties in Interest:
    • ABL Agent and DIP ABL Agent: Bank of America
      • Legal: Morgan Lewis & Bockius LLP (Matthew Furlong, Marc Ledue, Julia Frost-Davis) & (local) Buchanan Ingersoll & Rooney PC (James Newell, Timothy Palmer, Kelly Neal)
    • TL Agent and DIP TL Agent: Wilmington Savings Fund Society FSB and Term Lender Group (Bayside Capital LLC, Benefit Street Partners LLC, Bennett Management Corporation, Citadel Advisors LLC, Eaton Vance Management, JPMorgan Chase Bank NA, Octagon Credit Investors LLC, Southpaw Credit Opportunity Master Fund LP, Stonehill Capital Management LLC, Voya Investment Management)
      • Legal: Jones Day LLP (Scott Greenberg, Michael J. Cohen, Jeffrey Bresch, Genna Ghaul)
      • Financial Advisor: PJT Partners
    • Indenture Trustee: Wells Fargo Bank NA
      • Legal: Milbank Tweed Hadley & McCloy LLP (Gerard Uzzi, Robert Nussbaum, Eric Stodola)
    • Sponsor: Apax Partners LP
      • Legal: Simpson Thacher & Bartlett LLP (Elisha Graff, Nicholas Baker, Jonathan Endean) & Duane Morris LLP (Joel Walker, Kenneth Argentieri)
    • Official Committee of Unsecured Creditors
      • Legal: Cooley LLP (Jay Indyke, Cathy Hershcopf, Seth Van Aalten, Michael Klein, Lauren Reichardt) & Fox Rothschild LLP (John Gotaskie Jr.)
      • Financial Advisor: FTI Consulting Inc. (Samuel Star)

Updated 7/12/17

New Chapter 11 Filing - Vanity Shop of Grand Forks Inc.

Vanity Shop of Grand Forks Inc.

  • 3/1/17 Recap: As malls empty out across the country, the dominoes are starting to fall. If there is nothing but vacancy and tumbleweed around you, foot traffic will stall. If foot traffic stalls, revenue stalls. If revenues stall, landlords can't get paid. And if landlords can't get paid, well, say hello to the Grim Reaper. Okay, that's a little dramatic, but, to be fair, this does generally describe mall-based retail these days. And the latest chapter in this sad story is the liquidation of Vanity Shop's 137 stores - the affect of which in smaller geographies like North Dakota can't be underestimated (not to mention any ripple effect: 60% of the company's inventory came from US suppliers). In addition to the (now) regular laundry list of prior companies who have had a similar fate in the retail space, e.g., The Limited Brands, THIS was probably the most interesting disclosure in the company's filing: "The Debtor initially contemplated soliciting a bid from Hilco Merchant Resources, LLC (who has routinely performed inventory appraisals and liquidation analyses of Debtor's assets every six months) but was advised that Hilco is currently unavailable to take on another liquidation project at this time." (emphasis added). Now THAT is telling.
  • Jurisdiction: D. of North Dakota
  • Capital Structure: $4.3mm debt (Wells Fargo), $5mm subordinated debt   
  • Company Professionals:
    • Legal: Vogel Law (Jon Brakke, Caren Stanley)
    • Liquidator: Tiger Capital Group LLC
      • Legal: Cohen Tauber Spievack & Wagner PC (Robert Boghosian)
    • Claims Agent: KCC (*click on company name for docket)
  • Other Parties in Interest:
    • Wells Fargo
      • Legal: Riemer Braunstein LLP (Donald Rothman, Alexander Rheaume)
    • Official Committee of Unsecured Creditors (Washington Prime Group Inc., GGP Limited Partnership, Simon Property Group Inc.)
      • Legal: Fox Rothschild LLP (Mette Kurth, Paul Labov, Ellie Barragry, L. John Bird)
      • Financial Advisor: BGA Management LLC (Michael Knight)

Updated 4/27/17

New Filing - La Paloma Generating Company LLC

La Paloma Generating Company LLC

  • 12/06/16 Recap: California-based (NW of LA) nat-gas fired merchant power provider that services SoCal files for bankruptcy citing a litany of reasons: (i) adverse market for nat-gas fired electricity given the rise of wind and solar power in CA; (ii) the regulatory environment; (iii) cap and trade; (iv) its unsustainable debt load; and (v) the army of O'Melveny lawyers servicing the deal. Okay, not the last part but see below: that sure is a surge of (man)power. 
  • Jurisdiction: D. of Delaware
  • Capital Structure: $524mm of total funded debt. $35mm '20 1st lien (BofA), $292mm '20 1st lien TL (BofA), $110mm '20 second lien TL (Sun Trust), $87mm '19 LPAC TL, $34mm LOCs (SunTrust)     
  • Company Professionals:
    • Legal: O'Melveny & Meyers LLP (John Rapisardi, George Davis, Peter Friedman, Diana Perez, Andrew Sorkin, Matthew Kremer, Valerie Cohen) & (local) Richards Layton & Finger PA (Mark Collins, Jason Madron, Andrew Dean) & (conflicts counsel) Curtis Mallet-Prevost Colt & Mosle LLP (Steven Reisman, Turner Smith, Peter Behmke, Cindi Giglio)
    • Financial Advisor: Alvarez & Marsal LLC (Emmett Bergman)
    • Investment Banker: Jefferies LLC (Jeffrey Finger)
    • Claims Agent: Epiq Bankruptcy Solutions LLC (*click on company name for docket)
  • Other Parties in Interest:
    • Sponsor: EIG Global Partners LLC (Niranjan Ravindran)
    • First Lien Lender: Bank of America
      • Legal: Moore & Van Allen (David Eades, Glenn Huether) & (local) Buchanan Ingersoll & Rooney PC (Mary Caloway, Kathleen Murphy)
    • Ad Hoc Group of Second Lien Noteholders
      • Legal: Morgan Lewis & Bockius LLP (Glenn Siegel, Joshua Dorchak, Elaine Fenna, Jody Barillare)
    • Second Lien Lender: Sun Trust Bank
      • Legal: King & Spalding LLP (Sara Borders, Thaddeus Wilson) & (local) Morris James LLP (Stephen Miller)
    • 1st Lien Debtholder: Beal Bank USA (LNB)
      • Legal: White & Case LLP (Thomas Lauria, Christopher Shore) & (local) Fox Rothschild LLP (Jeffrey Schlerf)
    • Collateral Agent: Bank of New York Mellon
      • Legal: Bryan Cave LLP (Stephanie Wickouski, Michelle McMahon)

Updated 12/29/16

New (Chapter 22) Filing - American Apparel Inc.

American Apparel Inc.

  • 11/14/16 Recap: Large US-based apparel manufacturer and retailer with 193 total stores files for bankruptcy - months, uh, after emerging from bankruptcy. Company filed with a $30mm DIP proposal from Encina Business Credit LLC. Plan is to sell (for parts) expeditiously to Gilden Activewear SRL for $66mm (IP, remaining wholesale inventory and wholesale POs during restructuring).  
  • Jurisdiction: D. of Delaware
  • Capital Structure: $215mm of funded debt ($90mm DIP-rolled-into-TL-exit + $82mm of additional financing) & $15mm unsecured UK facility (Standard General)    
  • Company Professionals:
    • Legal: Jones Day LLP (Carl Black, Scott Greenberg, Michael J. Cohen, Erin Brady, Stacey Corr-Irvine, Genna Ghaul, Christpher Lovrien) & (local) Pachulski Stang Ziehl & Jones LLP (Laura Davis Jones, James O'Neill, Joseph Mulvihill)
    • Financial Advisor: Berkeley Research Group LLC (Mark Weinsten, Joseph D'Ascoli) & FTI Consulting (Andrew Hinkelman, Chuck Goad, Adam Saltzman, Frank Marshall, William Breashears, Zach Contreras)
    • Claims Consultants: Resources Global Professionals (Thora Thoroddsen, Evelyne Anglade, Scott Ashcraft, Luis Barreda, Sharon Dannewitz, Yolanda Hoelscher, Rodney Teruya)
    • Investment Banker: Houlihan Lokey (Saul Burian, Devin Shanahan, Sanaz Memarsadeghi, Ethan Kopp, Alexander Stolarz, Varun Desai)
    • Claims Agent: Prime Clerk (*click on company name for docket)
  • Other Parties in Interest:
    • DIP Lender: Encina Business Credit LLC
      • Legal: Riemer & Braunstein LLP (Steven Fox, Donald Rothman, Lon Singer, Alexander Rheaume) & (local) Ashby & Geddes PA (Gregory Taylor)
    • Agent to Prepetition Secured Lenders: Wilmington Trust
      • Legal: Covington & Burling LLP (R. Alexander Clark, Dianne Coffino) & Pepper Hamilton LLP (David Fournier)
    • Buyer: Gilden Activewear SRL
      • Legal: Sullivan & Cromwell LLP (Michael Torkin, Brian Hamilton, Miaoting Wu) & (local) Womble Carlyle (Matthew Ward)
    • Lead Lenders & Equityholders: Monarch Alternative Capital LP, Coliseum Capital Management LLC, Goldman Sachs Asset Management LP, Pentwater Capital Management LP, Standard General
      • Legal (except Standard General): Milbank Tweed (Gerard Uzzi, Eric Stodola) & (local) Fox Rothschild (Jeffrey Schlerf, L. John Bird)
      • Legal (Standard General): Debevoise & Plimpton LLP (Natasha Labovitz, Shannon Rose Selden, Craig Bruens, Erica Weisgerber) & (local) Young Conaway (Edmon Morton, Joseph Barry)
    • Largest Unsecured Creditors: Standard General, FTI Consulting, Moelis, Garden City Group
    • Unsecured Creditors' Committee:
      • Legal: Cooley LLP (Cathy Hershcopf, Seth Van Aalten, Robert Winning, Sarah Carnes, Michael Klein, Max Schlan) & (local) Bayard PA (Justin Alberto, Evan Miller, Gregory Flasser)
      • Financial Advisor: Emerald Capital Advisors (John Madden, Ryan O'Sullivan, Lawrence Jacobs, Christopher Moffatt, Jack Allen, Christopher Saitta, Daniel Pace, Ryan Feulner)

Updated 3/30/17